In this post, I’m break down lengthy vowel sounds (or lengthy vowel words) to aid you teach them as soon as working through struggling readers and also spellers.

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What is a long vowel sound?

Long collection sounds room vowels that room pronounced the exact same as your name. You’ll often hear teachers say that long vowels “say your name”.

Long vowels are very common but they can be tricky due to the fact that there space so countless spellings for each long vowel sound.



There room actually 4 means to make lengthy vowel sounds:

Vowels at the finish of a syllable make the long sound. for example, in the native me and halo (ha-lo) the vowels room all in ~ the finish of a syllable therefore they do the lengthy sound.Silent e renders the previous collection long. The indigenous bike and phone have a silent e at the end that provides the previous vowel long.Vowel teams can make the lengthy sound. Vowel teams work together to do one sound, and also usually, it’s a long vowel sound. For example, boat and meat both have vowel groups that make the long sound.I or O can be long when castle come before two consonants. In words like cold and mind, i and o make a long vowel sound.

Long vowel Words

Long vowel sound words are words that have vowels the say their name. Below are a few examples:

Long a – baby, cake, rain, day, they, weighLong e – me, eve, hear, meet, piece, candyLong i – silent, bike, light, myLong o – go, home, toe, boat, snowLong u – music, mule, pew, feud

Long A Sound

The lengthy a sound can be represented by 8 different spelling patterns:

a – babya_e – cakeai – rainay – playei – reindeereigh – weightea – steakey – they

Learn much more about teaching the long a sound here.



Long E Sound

The lengthy e sound have the right to be represented by 8 different spelling patterns:

e – bee_e – eveee – meetea – beachei – proteinie – pieceey – keyy – candy

Long i Sound

The long i sound can be represented by 6 various spelling patterns:

i – silenti_e – shineie – pieigh – lighty – myy_e – type

You can learn much more about to teach the lengthy I sound here.


Long O Sound

The long o sound deserve to be stood for by 5 various spelling patterns:

o – goo_e – phoneoe – toeoa – boatow – snow

You can learn an ext about to teach the lengthy o sound here.


Long U Sound

The long u has two sounds: yoo and oo.

sound can be represented by 7 various spelling patterns:

u – musicu_e – muleue – rescueeu – feudew – fewoo – foodou – soup

Tips for teaching the long vowel sounds

Teach one spelling sample at a time!

I don’t average one vowel sound, yet just one spelling pattern. So for example, if you’re functioning on lengthy a, you would work on the spelling pattern a silent e (cake, same, cave) until students have mastered it, then move on to ai, and so on. You should not be teaching multiple spelling fads together, even though they make the exact same sound.

I recognize that most programs out there combine all the long vowel sound order patterns into one lesson, particularly in assignment lists, however this does not job-related for struggling readers. You need to break it under for them and also only do one at a time.

Teach the rate types.

Because syllables have a many to execute with even if it is vowels make the quick or lengthy sound, if students do not already know the 6 syallable varieties then teach them in addition to the lengthy vowel sound.

Here are sources for every syllable type:


Use a variety of tasks to exercise each assignment pattern.

Games, dictation, native sorts, memory or corresponding with flashcards, word hunts, textured writing, body spelling, and bingo space all fun means to practice the long vowel sounds.

The main task that is often overlooked is dictation. It seems so straightforward but the task requires listening to a word, deciding on the spelling, and also transferring that info to written form. These are all skills that struggling readers must practice.

Teach the assignment generalizations.

Some the the long vowel spelling patterns are spelling rules the make it basic to remember.

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For example, ai is uncovered at the beginning or center of a syllable, and ay is discovered at the end of a syllable.

Here is an additional example with long o: oa is uncovered at the start or center of a word, and ow is usually discovered at the end.


Long vowel Word List

I made this word lists to assist teach the lengthy vowels. I uncover it handy to have actually these on hand when playing phonics games or planning activities for lengthy vowel lessons.