Hello Year 7 and also Year 8! We have actually spent the last couple of sessions betterworld2016.orging about William Shakespeare. Us now know lots about who he was and also what he wrote. Prior to we start to look at his plays much more closely, the is really essential that we know a bit much more about the time duration he was composing in. We contact this the historical context the his writing.


By the finish of this session, you will certainly be able to:

✔Describe what the was like in Elizabethan/ Jacobean society✔Summarise attitudes towards ladies in Elizabethan/ Jacobean society


What was culture like as soon as Shakespeare was writing?

During Shakespeare’s life, two emperors (kings or queens) reigned in England: Queen Elizabeth ns (reigned 1558- 1603) and also King James ns (1603-1625). If we talk about the time when Elizabeth to be on the throne, we contact this the Elizabethan period. Once we talk about when James to be on the throne, we contact this the Jacobean period. Simple!


*
Elizabeth ns is thought about one the the country’s many successful and popular monarchs
*
James was king that Scotland till 1603, once he ended up being the first Stuart king that England together well, developing the kingdom of good Britain

YOU DO: read the info below. Together you read, make a bullet suggest list that at the very least 5 important words or phrases.

You are watching: Who ruled england during shakespeare's time


How to be Elizabethan culture different to culture today?

Elizabethan and Jacobean society was very different come how society is today. There was a strict stimulate of importance, through the Church appropriate at the an extremely top. People thought in the divine right of kings – they thought that God had actually chosen the monarch, and that that (or she) to be acting out the will certainly of God. There to be no parliament, and also people did not acquire to vote on what they want for culture – everything was chose by the King and Queen.Under the King or Queen come the nobles or aristocracy (Dukes, Earls and also Barons), that owned numerous land. These noblemen would certainly attend court and provide a ar to remain for the King or Queen if they to be travelling about the country.Beneath the aristocracy to be the an ext ‘ordinary’ people. These were farmers, merchants and also craftsmen, and also were fairly well off. It was right into this ar of culture that william Shakespeare to be born in 1564.Then come labourers or servants, who listed help in households and also on farms. They were lot poorer, however were defended by law in some ways – they had actually a collection wage and were entitled to a day off every week.Finally, at the really bottom that the pile were those who can not work, for various reasons. Really often, they had to beg or rely on the church because that help, although Elizabeth I brought in negative Laws to provide them some defense towards the finish of her reign.


YOU DO: draw a triangle through the point at the top. To fill in the order of importance in society, drawing symbols to represent the different people in society.


*
Your triangle could look like this…make sure you add pictures to help you mental the bespeak of importance.

The importance of Religion

It is essential to recognize that faith played an essential part in people’s lives: world had to go to church and also marriages, baptisms and funerals all took ar in church. The church was rooted in people’s lives and also a meeting point for communities.As well as their Christian beliefs, people additionally held superstitions and different beliefs. Magic was believed in by many people. Witches were thought about to be actual – indeed, in 1563, witchcraft to be made a criminal offence punishable through death. Witches and also evil magic were blamed for a selection of misfortunes, and also people were frequently wary the old or ugly women that they thought could be witches.


*

In Elizabethan times women belonged to your fathers (or your brothers if their father died), and also then to your husbands. Women might not very own property of their own. This is among the factors Queen Elizabeth never married – she go not want to give up her power to a man.The just exceptions were widows – ladies whose husbands had actually died. A widow was in charge of her own life and also property, yet would be likely to marry again to discover someone to defend her and to it is in the legit guardian to her children.Women were permitted to marry native the age of 12 in Shakespeare’s time, but often only women indigenous wealthy family members would marry so young. In the playRomeo and also Juliet, Juliet is 13, yet her mom says through that age she was currently married v a child. Numerous marriages to be arranged for the an excellent of the family members and small children could be‘betrothed’to each various other in order to sign up with the family members together before they were old sufficient to gain married. Countless women did no marry till their mid-20s. Men had to be able to support a family members when they married.


Now clock the video clip below. It is around what life was prefer for women once Shakespeare was writing. That is around five minute long. Together you watch write down vital words which will remind you around what you have watched.

See more: How Many Eggs Do Owls Lay - Owl Breeding & Reproduction


So, this day we have focused on three things: order of prestige in society; religion and also women.

You DO: prize the questions listed below to display your understanding. Compose down your answers and also then check them at the end.