Of the 2 volleyball referees, the first referee is well-known as the up official or head referee.
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In USA or FIVB competition, the an initial referee is usually referred to as the first official or R1.
In high college volleyball, the down referee is likewise known as theumpire.
In USA or FIVB competition, the 2nd referee is usually referred to as the second official or R2.
USAV rules rather differ native High School and other volleyball competitions. V this fact, it"s essential to come to be familiar through the different rules because that playing. As a player, coach, or referee, you should be familiar with the rules to obtain that competitive edge.
First official (R1 or up referee) - Volleyball Referees
The first referee is the official that was standing on the referee was standing (raised platform) positioned at on the next of the court throughout from the team benches. The is the first referee that starts beat by whistling and also signaling (beckoning) the server to serve the ball.
The an initial referee is the official in charge. If they feeling it"s vital to perform so, the very first referee has the government to overrule any of the various other officials (second referee scorekeeper, libero tracker, or heat judges).
Also, the an initial referee may have actually officials replaced if the is needed.
The volleyball referees should discuss prior to the enhance on what the second referee requirements to signal come the an initial referee (illegal sphere handling, illegal back row and also blocks and attacks, etc.).
THE very first REFEREE...
Whistle any kind of violations It is the first referees duty to horn any and all violations they see. If possible, the second referee have to whistle network violations, centerline violations, serve receive position faults, and also serving order violations. If the second official doesnt record these violations, the an initial referee has the government to make the call.
Whistle player mishandling the ball Only the first referee has the authority to whistle ball handling (lifts, twin contacts, 4 hits, etc.). If appropriate, the second referee might discretely signal ball dealing with to the an initial referee.
Giving Sanctions Only the very first referee has the government to issue sanctions to players, coaches, etc.
Second official (R2 or under referee) - Volleyball Referees
The second referee is involved with matters together as keeping time, assisting the very first referee in make calls,administering substitutions, and also verbally interacting with team coaches.
The second referee additionally needs to connect effectively through the scorekeeper. The second referee have to overlook the scorekeeper v recording subs, timeouts, etc. The 2nd referee should help the scorekeeper and libero tracker with any questions or issues that come up.
The second referee (or umpire) stand on the floor on the opposite side of the court from the very first referee. The 2nd referee should position us so they have the right to effectively shift from one next of the network to the other when the ball is in play.
The second referees main responsibility is to control the court, that is, connect effectively v players and also coaches at the team bench area, the occupational crew in ~ the scores table, the line judges, and first referee. The 2nd referee should assist the first referee (hand signaling the first referee or punch the horn to do calls) in order because that the match to run as smoothly together possible.
THE second REFEREE...
Watch groups for overlaps throughout the serve Watch the receiving team at the moment the ball is offered for overlaps.
Switching political parties of the net The 2nd referee switches location one next of the net to the other during the match, always staying top top the side opposite the ball.
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Handles substitutions The 2nd referee administers subs, making certain the subs are recorded appropriately on the scoresheet. As soon as the scorekeeper has finished recording the subs, a hand signal is given to the very first referee signaling pat is ready.
Handles time outs When a coach or team captain phone call time out, the 2nd referee should blow the whistle and also signal time out. The second referee times the time outs, whistles in ~ the end of time, and signals how numerous time outs have been bring away by every team.