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Pericles was such a great, prominent ruler that Athens the the period of history during his reign has been dubbed the age of Pericles.

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The men wearing red paint were in big trouble.

In fact, they would probably have to pay a fine because that not appearing at the assembly meeting. After being recorded shirking your duty as citizens the Athens, they had actually been significant with red paint as punishment.

In Athenian democracy, every citizen was compelled to take part or experience punishment. This practice stands in stark comparison to modern democratic federal governments in which citizens can select whether or not they wish to participate. In Athenian democracy, all citizens pulled their weight.

Not anyone in Athens was thought about a citizen. Only free, adult men delighted in the rights and responsibility the citizenship. Only around 20 percent the the populace of Athens to be citizens. Women were not citizens and also therefore could not poll or have any type of say in the political process. They were rarely allowed out in public and also were even limited as to wherein they might be within their very own homes. Slaves and foreigners were not citizens and additionally could not participate in the democracy. In the end, democracy existed just for the free men that were originally from Athens.



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Croesus mirrors his prizes to Solon in this 17th-century painting. Solon has been called one of the 7 Wise men of Greece.

Nevertheless, the idea of autonomous government is among the most significant contributions of the old Greeks. The city-state that Athens had actually one the the biggest democracies in terms of population.

Early in Athens" background (around 594 B.C.E.), a male named Solon

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In English, words "solon" way "a wise and skillful lawgiver." enacted revolutionary that helped reduce the growing gap between the rich and also the poor. Poor citizens got the best to sit in the assembly and to vote.

Later, Cleisthenes expanded the democracy by offering every citizen equal rights. He additionally created a legislative body whose members were picked randomly from the general populace of citizens.


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Under the tyrant Draco, righteousness in ancient Athens was pretty harsh. Although he was the an initial person to write down the regulations of Athens, follow to Plutarch, Draco, "wrote his regulations in blood, no ink."

Typically, the citizens of Athens would certainly gather in the agora as soon as there was an assembly meeting. The agora, a fixture of every major Greek city-state, was a huge open room in the middle of the city-state that contained a marketplace and government buildings. There, citizens would mingle and also discuss the concerns of the day before gathering because that the assembly meeting.

During the meeting, citizen were cost-free to express their opinions and cast your votes. It was in these conference that human being could be marked with red repaint if castle were not fulfilling their civic duty.

The courts, too, were typically in the agora. The juries in court situations were an extremely large, frequently numbering in the hundreds and also sometimes in the thousands. To be fair, Athenians wanted their juries come reflect the basic population. There were no lawyers. Each citizen was expected to make his very own case.

Athenian democracy depended on every citizen fulfilling his role. Every citizens were meant to vote, but they were also expected to serve in the government if necessary. In Athens, the human being governed, and also the bulk ruled. Every citizens had actually equal rights and also powers.

In a city-state as small as Athens, a pure democracy to be possible. Together states thrived larger, the concept of electing representatives to make decisions for the public became an ext practical. But the idea the every citizen has actually a voice important enough to be heard originated in old Athens.

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The Greeks: Crucible of Civilization
PBS presents a beautiful designed website on old Athens. It is in whirled earlier in time while discovering cool animation. Interactive maps let girlfriend zoom right into the center of Athens. This awesome site describes the good Athenian lawmakers and also politicians in detail. And don"t miss out on the "speak like an old Greek" section.

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Athenian Democracy
The Ancient history Encyclopedia gift this brief but detailed overview the the rise and fall that Athenian Democracy

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