The electric fan was an invention of American technician Schuyler Skaats Wheeler. Yet the faster mechanical fan was designed thousands of years ago.

You are watching: When was the electric fan invented

Several that the good civilizations the the civilization have contributed the breakthrough and architecture of various varieties the fans.

The Chinese were amongst the first to mechanize the fan.

During the Han Dynasty, in approximately 180 AD, a Chinese craftsman called Ding Huan invented a rotary fan which can be activate by a solitary man and also cool bigger spaces than any hand-held fan.

During the tang Dynasty, the Chinese uncovered a means to usage hydraulic strength to move them. A major development taken place in the mid-1830s with the introduction of steam-powered fans.

A couple of decades later, the spread out of electrical power in Europe and America permitted for the advancement of electrical fans.


Crocker-Wheeler electric fan, 1892.

Harnessing the concepts of Nikola Tesla and Thomas Edison, Schuyler Skaats Wheeler design his prototype electrically powered pan in 1882.

His development was commercialized by the Curtis & Crocker Company, wherein Wheeler was a plant manager. The electrical fans were developed later by the Crocker-Wheeler Company. The manufacturers used direct current, after Tesla’s job-related on the induction motor.

The beforehand models weren’t exactly safe. The chisels turned through incredible speed and also the absence of protection resulted in accidents.

Bipolar wall surface Fan, Western electric Company, 1880s – Museum that Science and also Industry. Daderot. CC0 1.0

These early on fans were quite expensive for this reason they can be found either in rich families’ residences or in offices.

The 1890s brought several enhancements to the design. Protective cages to be introduced, no to safeguard the user’s fingers, but to protect the expensive fan blades. Also, the motor and also the wiring to be concealed.


Fans indigenous the beforehand 20th century in EDF Electropolis Museum. Arnaud 25. CC BY-SA 3.0

A further advance in fan architecture was lugged by German-American technician Philip H. Diehl, who created the electric ceiling fan.

At the time Diehl was functioning for the Singer Company. His fan was produced after that attached the knives to an adjusted Singer sewing maker motor and placed the fan on the ceiling.

Diehl obtained a patent because that his product in the late 1880s, however he continued to improve his development over the following several years. A major improvement was the addition of a irradiate bulb.

Fan v Tesla induction motor, 1892-1896; Museum the Science and also Industry. Daderot. CC0 1.0

Initially, his fans were presented in factories in bespeak to keep goods and workers cool. They were later contained in bigger spaces such together restaurants, offices, and hotels prior to finally arriving in private homes.

More and more fan manufacturers appeared in the so late 1890s and early 1900s, consisting of Emerson, Westinghouse, and General Electric.

“Emerson Junior” electric fan native the mid-20th century. Infrogmation. CC BY-SA 3.0

Increasing competition brought pressure come refine and improve fan design, including brand-new blade shapes and also increased blade number. During this time, the first oscillating electrical fans appeared on the market.

In 1910, the an initial electric fan for family members use was introduced by Westinghouse. These were commonly made native brass increase until civilization War I, as soon as brass ended up being scarce due to the fact that it was provided for ammunition.

It was replaced by steel and later through aluminum which permitted the an equipment to be significantly lighter.

GE electric fan, early 20th century design. Infrogmation. CC BY-SA 3.0

In the 1910s, wait conditioners began replacing electric fans in advertisement buildings, so plenty of manufacturers discontinued manufacturing of commercial fan models.

Companies concentrated instead top top improving electric fans for residence use. General electrical made a huge step in the 1920s, making your fans quieter by emerging overlapping blades.

In the 1930s, Emerson presented an top blade architecture inspired by a yacht propeller. It was called the silver Swan and was the production of a young designer by the surname of mrs Evans.

By the 1950s, waiting conditioning had become accessible for domestic households and fans started to shed their popularity. However, with the oil crisis and also increased energy costs, they make a comeback in the 1970s. In 2009 Dyson patented a new design because that a bladeless fan.

See more: How To Make A Flagpole Pulley System, Build Your Own Flagpole : 4 Steps

Peugeot coffee mills: Years prior to they do the an initial car, the agency was well known for your coffee grinders

Some world still prefer electrical fans to air conditioners today due to their energy efficiency, longer life span, lower cost, and portability.