A mineral is a naturally-occurring substance created through geological procedures that has a characteristic chemistry composition, a very ordered atomic structure and particular physical properties. A rock is a naturally occurring aggregate of mineral and/or mineraloids. Rocks execute not have actually a definite chemistry composition.

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Comparison chart

Minerals matches Rocks comparison chart
MineralsRocksChemical ingredient Examples Study Function in biological color Nutritional necessity for the human being body shape fossils
Has a definite chemistry composition; mineral are inorganic compounds. Does not have a definite chemical composition
Zinc, potassium, iron, sodium, fluoride Limestone, Basalt, Coal, Claystone
Mineralogy Petrology
Minerals help in bone and tooth formation, blood coagulation and muscle contraction. shelter and also foundation
color is usually the same color is not the same
Only some minerals are compelled by the human being body for nutrition. little come none
usually have a shape no definite shape
no fossils some have actually fossils

scientific Study

Petrology is the scientific study of rocks when the the examine of minerals is dubbed mineralogy.


Rocks are typically made of 2 or an ext minerals. A key determining aspect in the development of minerals in a absent mass is the chemistry composition that the mass, for a specific mineral have the right to be created only once the necessary aspects are existing in the rock. Calcite is most usual in limestones, together these consist essentially of calcium carbonate; quartz is common in sandstones and in certain igneous rocks like granite i beg your pardon contain a high portion of silica. 2 rock masses may have very much the same mass composition and yet consists entirely different assemblages the minerals.

Composition that minerals different from one mineral to another. Some may have actually a high contents of carbonate while rather may have a high content of oxides. Even their physical features may vary. If one may be well-known for its hardness, one more may have a properties luster. All these sports also kind standards for classifying lock in broad categories.


Rocks space classified by their mineral and chemical composition, by the texture of the ingredient particles and also by the processes that developed them. These signs separate rocks into igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic. Igneous rocks are created when molten magma cools and also are divided into two key categories: plutonic rock and volcanic. Sedimentary rocks are created by deposition of one of two people clastic sediments, essential matter, or chemical precipitates (evaporites), complied with by compaction that the particulate matter and also cementation during diagenesis. Metamorphic rocks are formed by subjecting any type of rock kind (including previously-formed metamorphic rock) to different temperature and pressure problems than those in which the initial rock was formed.

There room currently more than 4,000 recognized minerals, follow to the international Mineralogical Association, i beg your pardon is responsible for the approval of and naming of brand-new mineral types found in nature. The these, probably 150 can be called "common," 50 space "occasional," and the remainder are "rare" come "extremely rare."

Minerals might be classified follow to chemical composition, for example- The silicate class, the lead carbonate class, facet class etc. A mineral can be determined by numerous physical properties together as crystal structure, hardness, color, luster, details gravity etc.


Rocks are really useful in make roads, buildings, sprucing up materials, industrial work etc. Rocks like granite and marble are now used in home improvement for aesthetic reasons.

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Different mineral are useful for miscellaneous purposes like the gem industry, for carving, together abrasives and also for formation of other elements or rocks.