National Archives and Records Administration
To some, Lewis and also Clark’s exploration ushered in a brand-new and amazing time identified by financial growth and brand-new possibilities. To others, that would concerned signify loss - the ns of land, the lose of social ways, and so lot moreThe Lewis and Clark expedition was the first occasion because that United claims citizens to travel so much by river and also land into the West, however it definitely wasn’t the last. Upon your return they noted detailed maps, reports about natural resources, and also details around the indigenous populations castle encountered. That details made it less complicated for rather to follow and also lay their cases to the variety of resources. In fact, just 4 years ~ the exploration returned, traders were currently moving deep right into the Louisiana region to exchange items with levels tribes. By 1822 one guy alone - wilhelm H. Ashley - work at the very least 100 trappers in the Rocky Mountains.The United says expanded substantially by gaining the Oregon (1846) and also California (1848) territories. The federal government was passionate to populate and also develop these brand-new lands. Coincidently, the principle of Manifest Destiny to be popularized. It described the united States’ right to expand and develop all land in between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The government gave land come settlers and also encouraged economic ventures come spur development. The transcontinental railroad, perfect in 1869, linked the Atlantic to the Pacific and also replaced the flow of covered wagons v train cars. Less than 70 year after the Corps of exploration returned from its expedition, the West was open up to many economic pursuits.Many saw joined States’ economic expansion together the present of Jefferson’s purposes for the Lewis and Clark Expedition. To native Americans, however, the Lewis and also Clark exploration symbolizes a terrible U.S. Citizen intrusion that challenged their methods of life.As eastern populations moved West, the federal government enacted policies of removal and relocation to cost-free up soil for brand-new settlers. The Indian Removal action (1830) take it Indian land in currently states and forcibly relocated indigenous populations to “unsettled” lands in the west, mostly to Indian are (present-day Oklahoma). The Indian Appropriations plot (1851) confined indigenous peoples to tiny tracts of land - known as reservations. This allowed the federal government to free up native land so the it could more easily it is in redistributed. The Dawes act - or general Allotment - that 1887 split up reservations into tracts of land because that individuals and also families. Land the was left end after these tracts were created were considered “surplus” and were therefore opened come white-Americans come settle. It is approximated that these and similar policies gave over 500 million acres of indigenous land come settlers and business ventures.In the 1870s the American government started sending American Indian youngsters to off-reservation boarding schools. Youngsters were separated from your families and also weren’t permitted to speak their aboriginal languages or practice social traditions. Richard Pratt, a army officer who started some of the very first boarding schools, explained their objective in a speech:“A good general has said that the only great Indian is a dead one. In a sense, ns agree with the sentiment, but only in this: the all the Indian over there is in the race must be dead. Death the Indian in him, and save the man."These institutions served to eliminate land and cultural ties in an initiative to make these populations more “American.” In act so, the federal government could proceed to take aboriginal land much more easily and redistribute come those flooding the West.There were several results of Lewis and also Clark’s trek West.
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It laid the groundwork for a growing country to expand, but it also ushered in one era the anti-Indian policy and sentiment. The policies and also actions the the government adhering to the Lewis and also Clark exploration have had actually resounding implications on indigenous populations that room still proficient today.Sources: