In this photo, taken in the summer that 1864, Ulysses S. Give stands with his most famed horse, Cincinnati. This magnificent horse, was standing 18 hands high, was offered to approve in January, 1864, by a St. Louis man who boasted the the mount to be "the best horse in the world."

Only someday after their victory at Gettysburg, Union forces caught Vicksburg, the critical Confederate stronghold ~ above the Mississippi River. Lincoln and also Union commanders began to do plans for finishing the war.

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The Union strategy to success the war did not arise all at once. By 1863, however, the northern military arrangement consisted of five significant goals:Fully blockade all southerly coasts. This strategy, known as the Anaconda Plan, would eliminate the possibility of Confederate help from abroad.Control the Mississippi River. The flow was the South"s significant inland waterway. Also, Northern control of the rivers would separate Texas, Louisiana, and also Arkansas indigenous the other Confederate states.Capture Richmond. There is no its capital, the Confederacy"s command lines would be disrupted.Shatter southern civilian moral by capturing and also destroying Atlanta, Savannah, and the heart of southerly secession, southern Carolina.Use the numerical benefit of north troops to engage the enemy almost everywhere to rest the spirits of the Confederate Army.

By early on 1864, the an initial two goals had been accomplished. The blockade had properly prevented any type of meaningful international aid. General Ulysses Grant"s success in ~ Vicksburg delivered the Mississippi flow to the Union. Lincoln rotate to give to end up the task and, in the spring of 1864, appointed provide to command the whole Union Army.

Grant had a arrangement to finish the battle by November. He placed several major simultaneous offensives. General George Meade to be to command the Union"s massive army of the Potomac against Robert E. Lee. Grant would continue to be with Meade, who commanded the largest Northern army. General James butler was to advance up the James river in Virginia and also attack Richmond, the capital of the Confederacy. General William Tecumseh Sherman to be to plunge right into the heart of the South, inflicting together much damages as he could versus their battle resources.


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One mainly after Abraham Lincoln"s reelection in 1864, wilhelm Tecumseh Sherman (above) began his merciless march through Georgia, leaving nothing behind but civilian sorrow and also scorched earth. Both Atlanta and Savannah would certainly fall earlier to Union manage during this campaign.

Meade challenged Lee"s army in Virginia. Lee"s strategy was to use terrain and also fortified location to his advantage, hence decreasing the importance of the Union"s superiority in numbers. He hope to do the expense of make the efforts to pressure the South ago into the Union so high the the north public would not was standing for it. The almost accomplished this. From may 5 to might 24, the full pressure of Grant"s and Lee"s militaries fought continuous with huge casualties.

But, unequal the Union commanders of the past, give had the determination to press on regardless of the cost. Twenty-eight thousands soldiers were casualties that the battle of the Wilderness. A few days later, an additional 28,000 soldiers were casualties in the battle of Spotsylvania Court House. More than two-thirds that the casualties of this battles were Union soldiers.

At Cold port the following week, approve lost another 13,000 soldiers — 7,000 of lock in fifty percent an hour. In the 30 job that give had been fighting Lee, he lost 50,000 troops — a number same to fifty percent the dimension of the Confederate army at the time. As a result, Grant became known as "The Butcher." Congress to be appalled and also petitioned because that his removal. However Lincoln argued that grant was to win the battles and also refused to give Congress"s request.


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William T. Sherman"s ruthless march v the south to the sea drive a stake into the love of the Confederacy. He left nothing in his wake, damaging everything in sight in an attempt to crush the rebellion once and also for all.

Butler fail to catch Richmond, and the Confederate funding was temporary spared. On might 6, at some point after Grant and also Lee began their confrontation in the Wilderness, Sherman gone into Georgia, scorching every little thing resources that lay in his path. By late July, the had required the enemy back to within sight of Atlanta. For a month, he lay siege come the city. Finally, in beforehand September he gone into Atlanta — sooner or later after the Confederate military evacuated it.

Sherman waited until seven days after Lincoln"s hotly battled reelection before putting Atlanta come the torch and beginning his march come the sea. No one stood before him. His soldiers pillaged the countryside and also destroyed everything of conceivable military value together they travel 285 mile to Savannah in a march that ended up being legendary for the misery that created among the civilian population. Top top December 22, Savannah fell.

Next, Sherman ordered his army to move north into South Carolina. Their intent was to destroy the state whereby secession began. Specifically a month later, its capital, Columbia, fell to him. On the same day, Union forces retook ft Sumter.

The war was nearly over.


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The Atlanta Campaign: May-September, 1864
This north Georgia background website gives a timeline the Sherman"s Atlanta project that includes hypertext links to battles, figures, and also places. Inspect out the facts here, or follow the links at the bottom the the page to a created account that the Atlanta campaign that is a tiny easier to follow because that those students that are challenged by remembering dates. Back the timeline itself is all text, many of the hyperlinked pages have actually images the the battlesites and characters the they describe.Report broken link


Ulysses S. Give homepage
Everything you can possibly want to know about Grant is found at this award-winning webpage featured gradually magazine. Was he a great general? What kind of partnership did he have with his wife, Julie? Did the drink too much? The answers are all here in newspaper article-sized pieces. Over there is also a good deal that biographical information, pieces about his presidency, and a plethora of images too! Don"t be placed off by what appears to it is in an simple webpage at first glance. This page, put together through a approve aficionado, is the genuine deal.

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Civil battle March across Georgia
Union significant General Oliver Howard"s made comprehensive reports of some of the most far-reaching battles and also events the the polite War, including William Tecumseh Sherman"s "March to the Sea" and also the record of Savannah.

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Fredericksburg and also Spotsylvania National army Park
This national Park business website on Fredericksburg and also Spotsylvania National military Park is a bit thin ~ above information but worth a watch for web links to the exciting walking and driving tours the are available to park visitors. Protect against in below for a distinctive look in ~ the "lay the the land" in ~ this battle.

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During his brutal march through Georgia, Sherman instructed his guys to tear up southern railroad tracks, heat them, and then bend them about trees and poles. The odd result became known as "Sherman"s neckties."Learn More...

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We must have peace, not only at Atlanta, but in every America....To avoid war, we have to defeat the rebel militaries which room arrayed against the laws and also Constitution that all must respect and obey. -General william T. ShermanLearn More...

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The North was moved quick to end the war. But what come after the war? examine out this transcript that a guest skilled session through Reconstruction experienced Brooks Simpson.Learn More...

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