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Related Topics:Syriac languageWest AramaicEast AramaicPalestinian AramaicEastern Neo-Assyrian language...(Show more)

Aramaic language, Semitic language of the north Central, or Northwestern, team that was originally talked by the ancient Middle Eastern people known as Aramaeans. It to be most very closely related to Hebrew, Syriac, and Phoenician and was written in a script obtained from the Phoenician alphabet.

Aramaic is thought to have first appeared among the Aramaeans about the late 11th century bce. Through the 8th century bce the had come to be accepted by the Assyrians as a 2nd language. The mass deportations of human being by the Assyrians and the use of Aramaic as a lingua franca by Babylonian merchants served to spread the language, so the in the 7th and 6th centuries bce it gradually supplanted Akkadian as the lingua franca the the center East. The subsequently came to be the official language of the Achaemenian Persian dynasty (559–330 bce), despite after the conquests of Alexander the Great, Greek displaced it together the main language transparent the previous Persian empire.


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Aramaic dialects survived into Roman times, however, particularly in Palestine and Syria. Aramaic had actually replaced Hebrew together the language of the Jews as beforehand as the 6th century bce. Specific portions of the Bible—i.e., the publications of Daniel and Ezra—are written in Aramaic, as room the Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmuds. Among the Jews, Aramaic was provided by the typical people, if Hebrew continued to be the language the religion and also government and also of the upper class. Jesus and the apostle are thought to have talked Aramaic, and Aramaic-language translations (Targums) of the Old testament circulated. Aramaic continued in large use until around 650 ce, when it to be supplanted by Arabic.

In the early on centuries ce, Aramaic separated into East and also West varieties. West Aramaic dialects include Nabataean (formerly talked in parts of Arabia), Palmyrene (spoken in Palmyra, which to be northeast of Damascus), Palestinian-Christian, and Judeo-Aramaic. West Aramaic is still talked in a small variety of villages in Syria.


East Aramaic has Syriac, Mandaean, eastern Neo-Assyrian, and also the Aramaic of the Babylonian Talmud. Among the most necessary of this is Syriac, which to be the language of substantial literature in between the 3rd and the 7th century. Mandaean to be the dialect of a gnostic sect centred in reduced Mesopotamia. Eastern Aramaic is still talked by a few small teams of Jacobite and Nestorian christians in the center East. See also Syriac language.

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This short article was many recently revised and updated by noah Tesch, combine Editor.