Aztec culture was rich in arts, literary works and culture that thrived over number of centuries even after the conquest of the realm by the Spaniards. However, the Aztec language walk not have actually a completely developed device of writing since it short alphabets and also instead messages to be conveyed v pictographs and also various drawings. Thus Aztec writing, before the advent of the Spaniards, walk not have actually the mechanism of a written script and almost exclusively depended upon drawings and pictographs.
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Aztec works Origins and History
Just choose various facets of Aztec art and culture, Aztec writing was also heavily affected by the previous Mesoamerican cultures. It to be an adapted type of the ahead writing solution that existed in main Mexico, in particular the Zapotec creating whose influence have the right to be seen in the first Oaxacan inscriptions. The Aztecs, however, arisen the an approach of pictograms and also wrote a range of codices to transfer dental knowledge.
Aztec and Nahuatl Writing
The language that the Aztecs was called the Nahuatl language and also it had actually influences of various other language households from the Mesoamerican linguistic area such as Mayan, Oto-Manguean, and also Mixe-Zoquean families. The Nahual language, with the passage of time, became dominant in the Aztec realm even though there were various other languages and also dialects talked in the region. V the establishment of Tenochtitlan, Nahuatl speakers were attracted from numerous different areas and included traits come the language.
Since the Aztec creating did not exist in the form of modern-day writing include alphabets, education in Aztec institutions was offered from the codices comprise pictograms.
Aztec Writing and also Aztec Education
Since the Aztec creating did not exist in the type of modern-day writing include alphabets, education in Aztec colleges was offered from the codices comprise pictograms. These illustrations were supplied to spread information and knowledge which to be passed in the oral and also pictographic type from previous generations to the next ones. A an excellent part that their education and learning did not need Aztec writing. Because that instance, the straightforward military training to be a practical facet of education and also did not require any aid from Aztec writing.
Aztec creating Pictographic System
The Pictographic mechanism was main to Aztec writing and also this to be the main means of moving knowledge and also information in Aztec society. There was a separate profession of codex painting in Aztec culture and the artist received appropriate training at schools for the nobility called calmecas. These schools also took some common kids who presented exceptional talent because that pictography. Pictographs were offered for recording necessary events, tracing genealogies that the judgment class, record court processing, and also for various other details.
Aztec composing Phonetic Rebuses
Aztec composing sometimes also made of voice rebuses in order to carry out the meaning of a concept. This was done once it was difficult to depict a concept graphically. In this cases, a logogram was provided for its voice value instead of its meaning in order come represent one more root, suffix, or syllable which sounded similar to the logogram. In the lack of a appropriate writing script, this to be a reliable means of conveying the meaning of challenging concepts.
Aztec writing Materials and also Books
Aztec pictographs, which comprised the distinct Aztec creating system various from the writing system containing alphabets, were taped in assorted codices i m sorry acted together a primary resource of Aztec culture. A most these codices to be actually composed in the early american era but made plentiful use that Aztec pictographs existing throughout the pre-Columbian era. Some of the most well known Aztec codices include Codex Borbonicus, Boturini Codex, Codex Mendoza, Florentine Codex, Codex Osuna, Codex Tlatelolco, Codex Aubin, Codex Cozcatzin, and also others.
To keep record of an individual names, places, and also historical events, Aztec composing made usage of photographic logograms
Aztec creating Calendar indications & Tonalpohualli
A really important component of the heritage of Aztec creating was the Aztec Calendar, in certain the ide of Tonalpohualli definition “day count”. It included a cycle of 260 days which were stood for by a mix of number from 1 come 13 in enhancement to one of the twenty day signs. Icons of different animals and things were supplied on the calendar against different alphabets. Because that instance, 1 is provided with crocodile, 2 through wind, 3 v house, 4 through lizard, and so on. The cycle of numbers and day signs realigned after ~ every 260 days.
Aztec Writing: Vigesimal Number System
Aztec writing had its own number mechanism which used 20 together its base. The names because that the powers of 20 were cempoalli for 1×20, centzontli because that 1×400, cenxiquipilli for 1×8,000, and so on. The “ce” prefix in ~ the start means “one” and also is replaced with the matching number in order to gain the name of other multiples the the power. This system was used for the calculate of tax and tribute i beg your pardon was vital for the empire.
Aztec Writing: 365-day Solar Calendar Xiuhpohualli
Aztec writing additionally had that 365-day calendar called Xiuhpohualli. It included 18 months with 20 days each. This months were called veintenas or metztli. There was additionally a different five-day period at the end of yearly known together nemontemi. Aztec hosted their spiritual ceremonies and feasts in ~ the end of every month and critical component of this ceremonies to be the Aztec human sacrifice.
Aztec Writing: The Calendar Round
The famous Aztec calendar included two calendars. One to be the normal 365-day calendar called the xiuhpohualli while the other one was a 260-day routine calendar known as tonalpohualli. The previous was supplied for calculate of ordinary days while the last was the sacred calendar provided for the calculate of religious ceremonies. The ax “calendar round” is specifically used for the 52-year century the both these calendars formed together.
Aztec Writing: Logograms
To keep document of personal names, places, and also historical events, Aztec writing made use of photographic logograms. Because that instance, logograms are offered in Codex Mendoza to keep documents of the Aztec military conquering various other city-states. The “conquered” glyph mirrors a holy place in smoke and also flames v its height destroyed. This stood for the overcame city v its name written alongside the logogram. To do the case clearer, Aztec warrior are shown with the captives together with the damaged temple.
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Aztec creating Summary
Aztec creating did not have a fully developed writing system because of the absence of alphabets yet they do rich usage of pictograms and logograms come transmit information and knowledge under the generations. Aztec pictograms and logograms are maintained in a selection of codices. Additionally, Aztec had their own number mechanism using 20 as its basic which was supplied for the calculation of tax and tribute. They likewise had two calendars, one for the calculation of ordinary days and another for maintaining track of spiritual ceremonies.