Table of Contents

What mortar to use for shower head pan1. Quikrete Floor Mud2. Quikrete Sand/Topping Mix 3. Sakrete Sand Mix4. DIY shower Pan Mortar BedShower pan mortar consistencyShower pan mixes: comparisonShower pan materialAcrylic TileFiberglassComposite materialsHow to install a mortared shower pan1. Structure the shower stall2. Coat the lower side of the drainpipe with silicone3. Coat the drain with cement and also PVC primer4. Cut and also fit the steel lath and also felt come the floor5. Mix and apply dried deck mud6. Measure and also apply the waterproof membrane7. Mark and cut out the bolts about the drain8. Cut the membrane and install the upper drain plate9. Check and also fix leaks10. Download a strainer on the drain11. Include a waterproof membrane12. Cut and install the backerboard13. Use mortar and also a steel lath14. Place the floor tiles

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Your bathroom’s floor has actually a shower head pan which is waterproof and collects water climate directs it come the drain. The shower pan needs to be set up correctly to assistance the weight of the users and keep the basic layers from damage by the water. The ideal mortar mix because that the shower head pan identify how great the pan will certainly be. If you make a mistake v this one, friend risk ruining the whole shower floor. The ideal mortar because that shower pans is a mixture the sand and also Portland cement together it creates a water-resistant barrier that have the right to support the weight of the shower head unit and the users. Girlfriend can produce your own with Portland cement and also fine sand (1:5) and 4 quarts water for 80 lb. Of the mixture.

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What mortar to usage for shower pan

Mortar is desired for shower pans over other options such together concrete and cement offered that it bonds much better to various other surfaces and also is an ext moldable. The finest mortar mix because that shower pans includes sand and Portland cement. This will create a water-resistant barrier which will support the load of the shower floor and also its users. There room three main varieties of mortar for shower pans together follows:

1. Quikrete Floor Mud

The Quikrete Floor mud is a concrete mix made by QUIKRETE i beg your pardon is prepared for use in producing shower pans, slate, travertine and marble floor tiles. When blended with water, it create a smooth and water-resistant surface which is right for shower pans. You don’t should calculate any of the ingredients v the Quikrete mortar mix because that shower pans due to the fact that they have been calculated for you. Simply pour the mix into a container than include water (4 quarts because that each 80 lb. Bag) before using it come the shower head floor. The services of making use of Quikrete Floor Mud encompass the reality that you have the right to use the both indoors and outdoors, you don’t have to calculate the parts, it offers a strong an outcome (5000 psi compressive strength once totally cured), and also is simple to form the desired shape of the floor. The just downside is the it’s not conveniently available.How long should dirt bed cure prior to tiling?A dirt bed needs to cure for at the very least 28 days prior to tiling. This ensures that it’s waterproof and has the forced compressive toughness to retain its shape and integrity as soon as in use. How countless bags of mortar because that shower pan?It depends on the size of the shower head floor. As long as the floor has in between 2 and 3 inch of thickness in ~ the thickest places and also at least 2 inches of thickness at the thinnest, it will certainly be enough. 

2. Quikrete Sand/Topping Mix 

This sand topping mix for shower pans, additionally by Quikrete, is do from a mix of Portland cement, advertisement grade sands and other components. Uneven Quikrete Floor dirt whose ingredients room consistent, the amount of water needed for the Quikrete Sand/Topping Mix relies on the materials used to form it. The manufacturer will always indicate the on the bags. 

3. Sakrete Sand Mix

Sakrete Sand Mix is do of Portland cement and also concrete sand and is a popular alternative to the above options native Quikrete. Besides the shower pan, it deserve to be supplied for walks, steps and leveling floors both indoors and outdoors. 

4. DIY shower head Pan Mortar Bed

You deserve to make your very own shower pan concrete mix using sand, cement and also water. Mix 1 part of Portland cement with 5 parts of well sand. For each 80 lbs. That this mix, add 4 quarts that water. Your very own shower base mortar could seem prefer a cheaper option but it’s typically not as an excellent as the commercial alternatives. Both Quikrete Floor Mud and Quikrete Sand/Topping Mix don’t cost much however they’re simpler to occupational with and also provide better results 보다 DIY options. 

Shower pan mortar consistency

All the shower floor mortar mixes over need to have actually the same consistency to obtain the ideal results. As soon as mixed, you need to be may be to type a ball with the mix in her palm. The sphere should organize its shape but release part water when squeezed. If the round collapses ~ above its own, it’s also wet and you need to add much more of the dry mix. If it maintain its shape yet doesn’t release water once squeezed or crumbles apart, it’s too dry and also needs much more water to it is in added. 

Shower pan mixes: comparison

Quikrete Floor MudQuikrete Sand/Topping MixAffordable Slightly costlierA bit tough to findEasily availableAvailable in 80 lb. BagsAvailable in bags of 10, 40, 60 and 80 poundsEasy come useEasy to use

Shower pan material

Once girlfriend lay the mortar bed for her shower, the shower head pan you download on top have the right to be do from the complying with materials:


An acrylic shower pan is make from amendment plastic under pressure and also heat to kind a solitary piece that’s large enough to fit your bathroom floor. 


While tile is extremely attractive, it additionally requires a many skill and also care to ensure it offers a waterproof seal for the rest of the floor. It also requires maintain on a constant basis to maintain its integrity. As soon as installing tiles as the shower pan, ensure the mortar bed is at least 2 inches thick on the external edges the the floor and it reduces towards the shower drain to enable water to circulation to the drain. 


Fiberglass shower pans are developed from polymer reins which have been strengthened v woven glass fibers. Back cheaper 보다 the alternatives, they’re much more likely to get scratches and stains. 

Composite materials

A mix of various materials have the right to be supplied to produce a shower pan whose attributes will rely on the products used. For example, acrylic have the right to be strengthened through fiberglass to do a better shower pan than the separation, personal, instance materials.For the preformed shower head pans such as those do from fiberglass, acrylic and also composite materials, the manufacturer needs to administer the thickness necessary for the pan to execute correctly. 

How to download a mortared shower pan

For this exercise, you need premixed mortar, drill, paddle, drill screw attachments, hardwood screws, bucket, pipeline wrench, level, silicone, waterproof membrane, knife, waterproofing membrane and metal lath. Make certain the pipes is currently carried out and the shower has actually a shower head drain and a drain trap before installing the shower pan.Install the mortared shower head pan together follows:

1. Structure the shower stall

Choose an area for the brand-new shower stall making certain the drain has been reduced out. If the subfloor is shaky, change it through a ¾-inch item of exterior plywood. Use pressure-treated hardwood planks to create the bottom plates for the shower head stall. The studs because that the walls need to be centered on the bottom plates at intervals of 16 inches. Usage 3-inch decking screws to fasten the bottom plates to the floor. Assistance the sides of the membrane through 2×10 toenail blocking in between the studs. Use 3 pressure-treated planks of wood at 2×4 inch to kind the curb of the bathroom. You have the right to skip this step if you are reinstalling the shower head pan in one old bathroom constructing a new shower pan in a bathroom. 

2. Coat the lower side the the drain with silicone

Use silicone beads to coat the inside and also outside that the bolt one of the drainpipe in the floor. 

3. Coat the drainpipe with cement and PVC primer

Coat the inside of the drainpipe with cement and also a PVC primer climate twist the drain onto the waste line in the floor. ~ the cement has actually dried up, insert the drain bolts right into the lower drainpipe plate. Leave about ¾ inch of the drain bolts exposed. 

4. Cut and also fit the metal lath and felt come the floor

Measure the dimension of the shower head floor then reduced a 15-pound item of felt to fit this size. Location it on the floor then clip it in place. Using the very same measurements, reduced a metal lath then likewise stapple the on the floor. Make sure there space no bumps on the lath and felt. The metal lath offers a foothold because that the mortar mix. Next, reduced a one hole around the drain hole. The hole should be at the very least an inch wider than the size of the feet to allow for the next steps. 

5. Mix and also apply dry deck mud

Follow the instructions on the mortar mix come mix enough for the entirety bathroom floor. Use a latex additive come mix the dried deck mud rather of water. Plug the drainpipe hole with a item of towel then to water the mix onto the floor. Evenly spread out it out v a wood float then permit it to dry overnight. 

6. Measure and apply the waterproof membrane

Measure the waterproof membrane such the it’s 9 inches larger than the floor on the sides and also 16 inches bigger on the curb the the toilet floor. You have the right to make larger pieces the the waterproof membrane by solvent-welding piece together. The area roughly the drain should it is in reinforced through solvent-welding another piece of the membrane ~ above the original one (about 10 inches in diameter).Lay the membrane onto to the floor, smooth out any kind of air bubbles in it then clip in ~ above the floor come secure it. Carry out the exact same for the excess parts of the membrane i m sorry will increase up ~ above the wall and curb. Solvent-weld the piece then staple them come the wall surface and curb. 

7. Mark and cut out the bolts approximately the drain

Feel the floor over the membrane then note with one X over each bolt around the drainpipe hole. Use a spicy knife to reduced an X over the bolts to disclose them. Unscrew the bolts in readiness because that installing the upper drainpipe plate. 

8. Cut the membrane and install the upper drainpipe plate

Feel the area between the bolts then reduced out the drain hole exactly around the hole and no larger. Location the upper drain plate right into the feet making certain it aligns through the screw holes roughly it. Screw the bolts to secure the drainpipe plate end the drain hole. 

9. Check and also fix leaks

Plug the drainpipe hole then to fill the shower head pan v water 3 inch deep then wait because that 24 hours. If the water level is the same, her pan is watertight. If not, the would have actually leaked either v a loose drain hole, punctures in the membrane, or the sides. Tighten the drain hole bolts then fix any punctures utilizing a spot of the membrane and also glue. Because that the sides of the shower floor, solvent-weld the membrane come the wall then wait because that the solvent to dried up. Test because that leaks again. 

10. Download a strainer on the drain

Wrap Teflon tape (plumber’s tape) around the subject of the strainer than screw it into the drainpipe hole’s flange. Cover it v masking tape to protect it from thinset and mortar in the next steps. 

11. Add a waterproof membrane

Apply a waterproof membrane top top the wall of the bathroom such that it consist of at the very least 3 inches of the membrane native the floor and parts the the wall. If the bathroom will be make of wood walls, make sure the entirety of the wall surface is extended in this waterproof membrane. Because that bathroom through glass or concrete walls, a little layer that the waterproof membrane is enough. 

12. Cut and also install the backerboard

Cut backerboard to the size of the walls then ar it on shims ½ inch in size then close the screws to the walls v backerboard screws. The screws have to remain at the top inch the the flooring membrane to reduce punctures i beg your pardon may cause leaks. Once the backerboard is screwed into place, eliminate the shims then to fill the areas at the bottom through caulk and thinset. 

13. Apply mortar and a metal lath

Mark ~ above the walls with a pencil 3 inches native the floor. Measure the distance from the wall surfaces to the drainpipe hole then calculate the steep to ¼ inches because that every horizontal foot (1ft). Use a layer of mortar complied with by a metal lath and also another great of mortar while preserving the slope towards the drain. 

14. Put the floor tiles

After the mortar is dry (overnight), scrape off any bumps and imperfections ~ above the floor climate evenly spread a great of thinset ~ above it. Press the tiles into the thinset in line with the steep of the bathroom. Smaller sized tiles are much better at conforming come the slope of the bathroom than larger ones. Let the tiles healing overnight then apply grout in-between the tiles and around the edges wherein the tiles satisfy the walls. After the grout is dry, install the other parts of the shower such as a shower panel. Learn how to clean a shower stall to store it in an excellent shape.