Greek City-States

The Greek city-states were the leading settlement structure of the old Greek world and also helped specify how various regions interacted with every other.

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Athens native the east

This hand-colored woodcut offers us one artist"s principle of what Athens might"ve looked like in the time of the roman inn emperor Hadrian, once its above monuments and temples were still in their prime.

Photograph by north Wind photo Archive / Alamy share Photo


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A city-state, or polis, was the ar structure of ancient Greece. Each city-state was organized with an city center and also the bordering countryside. Features of the city in a polis were outer walls because that protection, and a public an are that contained temples and also government buildings. The temples and government buildings were often developed on the height of a hill, or acropolis.A surviving instance of a structure main to an old acropolis is the famed Parthenon of Athens. The Parthenon to be a temple developed to honor the goddess Athena. The bulk of a polis’s population lived in the city, together it to be the facility of trade, commerce, culture, and also political activity.

There prospered to be over 1,000 city-states in ancient Greece, yet the key poleis to be Athína (Athens), Spárti (Sparta), Kórinthos (Corinth), Thíva (Thebes), Siracusa (Syracuse), Égina (Aegina), Ródos (Rhodes), Árgos, Erétria, and also Elis. Every city-state ruled itself. Lock differed significantly from the each various other in administer philosophies and interests. Because that example, Sparta was ruled by 2 kings and a the supervisory board of elders. That emphasized keeping a strong military, when Athens valued education and also art. In Athens every male citizen had actually the best to vote, for this reason they to be ruled by a democracy. Fairly than have actually a strong army, Athens kept their navy.

Greek city-states likely arisen because of the physical location of the Mediterranean region. The landscape functions rocky, such as mountain land and also many islands. These physical barriers caused populace centers to be relatively isolated from each other. The sea was frequently the easiest way to relocate from place to place. Another reason city-states formed, fairly than a central, all-encompassing monarchy, was the the Greek aristocracy strove to maintain their city-states’ independence and to unseat any type of potential tyrants.

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This hand-colored woodcut gives us one artist's ide of what Athens might've looked like throughout the roman emperor Hadrian, once its iconic monuments and also temples to be still in your prime.