Let’s begin with the basics: bits and bytes. Bytes are provided to measure data - no to be perplexed with bits, which measure up data rates or broadband speeds. A bit is pretty tiny — think the dimension of a character, prefer the letter “i,” and a byte is eight times as big, choose the word, “internet.”

Most world are familiar with megabytes (1,000,000 bytes), gigabytes (1,000 megabytes) and also even terabytes (1,000 gigabytes). (By the way, you have the right to see a breakdown of every the data state on this byte chart.)

As ours data consumption grows, we’re easily needing to come to be familiar v terms because that larger amounts of storage. So, what come after the terabyte? together of 2018, the yottabyte (1 septillion bytes) to be the biggest approved standard size of warehouse by the device of systems (SI). Because that context, there space 1,000 terabytes in a petabyte, 1,000 petabytes in one exabyte, 1,000 exabytes in a zettabyte and 1,000 zettabytes in a yottabyte. And also one yottabyte deserve to hold more than 45 sunshine 25-gigabyte Blu-ray discs.

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But what comes after the yottabyte?

Two proposed names for the next levels space hellabyte or brontobyte (1,000 yottabytes). Forbes noted that the names have actually less-than-scientific beginnings — the hellabyte, is acquired from having actually “a hell the a the majority of bytes” and the brontobyte is called after Brontosaurus, the biggest dinosaur. As of 2017, there to be nothing measurable on the hella/brontobyte scale. However Cisco estimated that brontobytes might be used as shortly as 2020 — so we’re still no there yet.

And what happens when the amounts of data exceed scientific names that correlate with their size? Forbes addressed this in 2013 when projecting the next tier that data: a geopbyte (1,000 brontobytes).

## Why do we need that numerous byte sizes?

As computer power broadens (think: self-driving cars, clever homes, connected cities) and the ability to measure up the data-filled human being increases, we space going to create much, lot (much, much) an ext data. So fine need brand-new names for the ways we measure the data.

Let’s talk around the boost of data in understandable terms: music. Spotify reports having 35 million songs on your platform. If the average 4-minute track in 320kbps stereo takes up nearly 20MB the space, Spotify shop 70,000TB. It is a most bytes. And artists space producing an ext songs every minute, with 40,000 brand-new songs gift uploaded come Spotify every day.

Music no the just data added to the web each day, obviously. A 10 minute 4K video clip is 3.5GB and about 400,000 hours of video clip are uploaded come YouTube everyday. Together newer technology emerges, every that intelligence is save on servers in terabytes, petabytes, exabytes...you obtain it.

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Remember how bytes measure up the storage of data and also bits measure up the price of delivering that data? to speak you wanted to send 200MB that data (about 50 iphone phone pictures) over your 200mbps internet link - this no going to take a second. It will take eight times one second, since bytes are eight times bigger than bits (so, okay, eight seconds).