A current post listed and characterized words with the Greek prefix hyper– (meaning “above,” “beyond,” or “over”). Here, words based on its antonym, hypo-, room the focus.

You are watching: What does the prefix hypo mean in biology

The most typical words beginning with hypo– include hypodermic (literally, “under skin”), one adjective explicate injection under the skin or organization or growths beneath the skin (the word is likewise employed together a noun, and hypo is a common truncation), and also hypothermia (“under heat”), the term because that abnormally low body temperature.

Other medical problems include hypoglycemia (“under street blood”)—colloquially known as “low blood sugar”—and hypochondria (“under cartilage”), mental depression in which the sufferer imagines physics ailments, so called from the original belief that together feelings source in the ab organs; the term because that the pathological state is hypochondriasis. Hypochondriac is both one adjective describing the condition and also a noun pertaining come the sufferer.

Hypoallergenic way “unlikely to cause an allergy reaction,” and also the hypothalamus is a an essential part the the mind that regulates automatic procedures in the body. Oxygen deficiency is dubbed hypoxia, and also hypomania is a gentle mania associated with bipolar disorder. (The corresponding adjectives space hypoxic and also hypomanic.)

Other popular words in the hypo– family are hypocrisy (“under decide”), which progressed in meaning in Greek from “sift” to “play a part” and also now defines actions or attitudes that contradict one’s stated beliefs or opinions, and also hypothesis (“under proposition”), which denotes miscellaneous assumed and also taken because that granted for the benefits of argument; the many is hypotheses. One who demonstrates hypocrisy is reputed hypocritical and called a hypocrite. The adjectival kind for theory is hypothetical, and the verb type is hypothesize.

A hypotenuse is the next of a right triangle the contrary the right angle. (The root word is the communication of tension and also tenuous.)

More obscure state in this group encompass hypocorism (“under caress”), definition “pet name,” as in a diminutive favor Bobby, a hatchet of endearment such together honey, or baby-talk creates of resolve such together papa; such words space hypocoristic. One who stays underground is hypogean (the antonym is epigean), and also a hypocaust is a chamber for lighting a fire to warmth rooms situated above. (The root is the very same as that checked out in holocaust.)

A disguised relation is hyphen—literally, “under one,” since the note was originally situated beneath the words to be connected.

Want to boost your English in 5 minutes a day? obtain a subscription and start receiving our composing tips and exercises daily!

Keep learning! browser the Vocabulary category, check our famous posts, or select a related post below:


*
friend will boost your English in only 5 minutes every day, guaranteed! Subscribers get accessibility to ours archives v 800+ interaction exercises! You"ll also get 3 bonus ebooks fully free! try It free Now

10 Responses to “The Prefix “Hypo” and also Related Words”

Dale A. Woodon September 27, 2017 1:20 am

More words with “hypo”:hypobaric, hypofanatic, hypospray, hypotonic, hypothyroid(ism), hypoverbal

Dale A. Woodon September 27, 2017 1:26 am

more words v hyper:hyperfanatical, hyperfascist, hypergeometric, hyper-Nazi (a deeply deranged worshiper of Adolf Hitler), hyperreligious.

Dale A. Woodon September 27, 2017 1:31 am

hypoventilation, hypoaqueous (not sufficient water), hypocorporeal.

Dale A. Woodon September 27, 2017 1:47 am

The native “hyperbolic” has much more than one meaning.A. Hyperbolic is “full of hyperboles”. In other words, a gross number of exaggerations. A prevaricator the the extreme.B. Hyperbolic is other that needs to do with among the conic sections, the hyperbola. In astronomy and also astronautics, the four basic kinds the trajectories space circular, elliptical, hyperbolic, and also parabolic.Leaving the Solar system on a hyperbolic trajectory is yes, really the means to go!C. Hyperbolic geometry is concerned “B”. There room two an easy types the non-Euclidean geometry: hyperbolic and also elliptical (spherical).

Dale A. Woodon September 27, 2017 1:52 am

Two extremes of the political spectrum room the hyperright and also the hyperleft. In one of two people case, they room hyperradical or hyperextreme. Someone really much in in between would it is in a hypermoderate.

Dale A. Woodon September 27, 2017 2:15 am

For unsure reasons, the blog post codebreaking facility of the Pacific Fleet in ~ Pearl Harbor had the password name the “Hypo”.Pacific Fleet intelligence was under a Captain Layton (later a real admiral), and the codebreaking subunit to be under Cmdr. Rochefort. Hypo take it intercepted Japanese marine (IJN) radiotelegraph messages and also tried to decipher lock by hand – one extremely complicated task. There was no such point as an electronic computer system in 1941, and the JN-25 cipher to be a very facility one (Japanese marine 25).Besides every one of its radio receivers in Hawaii, Hypo obtained intercepted IJN message from Alaska, Washington State, California, American Samoa, Australia, etc. That’s the way that shortwave radio interactions work out: the messages can be obtained well at various places depending on the direction, the moment of day, the month, and also solar conditions.Pearl Harbor had actually the benefit of being associated to California by underwater telegraph cables. Hence, intercepts native the Americas might be sent to Hypo without the Japanese discovering what we had intercepted, and (partially) deciphered messages might be sent in complete secrecy come the marine HQ in Washington, D.C. The IJN never had actually a clue that we were deciphering several of their radio messages.A long time ago, the expression “Hypo” to be so obscure come me the I believed that the writers supposed “Hypno”.That’s a pretty idea: hypnotize the Japanese and find the end what their keys were!

venqaxon September 27, 2017 12:27 pm

If hypochondriac is one adjective, then wherein to use hypochondriacal? (That is pronounce hy-po-kon-DRY-i-k’l.) We carry out hear medical people use the term. Come say someone’s habits is hypochondriac, rather than hypochondriacal, doesn’t sound best at all. In fact, Grammarly just red-lined that use of hypocondriac without an ennouning* “a” or “the” prior to it.

Yep. Making that up. “To make into a noun.”

Dale A. Woodon September 29, 2017 4:58 am

In chemistry and biology, there are the state hypotonic, hypertonic, and also isotonic for solutions, many often worrying semipermeable membranes. In a shameful way, the cosmetics industry has stolen some or all of these terms.Here is what castle do: they toss about these clinical terms from chemistry, biology, and physics which 95 percent that the world do not recognize what they really mean. From physics: shade, tint, tone, hue, saturation, luminous, radiant. These every have plainly defined definition in the scientific researches of colors and also electromagnetic waves.To me, someone through “luminous skin” goes about glowing in the dark, just like the aliens in the movie COCOON. Film)

Dale A. Woodon October 02, 2017 6:11 pm

Venqax, ns agree with your reservations around using “hypochondriac” as an adjective. Doing therefore sounds similar to what countless nitwits perform nowadays who do not understand the difference is in between an adjective and a noun. It need to not be motivated at all.Here is few of the worst the it, and the authors of the linked Press space the worst of all. I have actually seen such glaring points as “a Mexico man”. How about “a mexico man”? the is shocking, because Mexico is one of our next-door neighbors.

See more: How Much Is A Bag Of Chocolate Chips & Cocoa, How Many Chocolate Chips In An Ounce (2021)

Dale A. Woodon October 02, 2017 7:12 pm

Those people do not recognize what the expression “adjectival form” is. Furthermore, they carry out not also know what the an extremely simplest adjectival creates are: Bengali, Iraqi, Kuwaiti, Nepali, Omani, Pakistani, Qatari, Saudi, Yemeni,or Czech, Dutch, English, German, Greek, Hindu, Irish, Polish, Saxon, Scottish, Swiss, Thai, Welsh,or Algerian, Austrian, Bolivian, Colombian, Cuban, Dominican, Estonian, Formosan, Ghanan, Himalayan, Indonesian, Jamaican, Kenyan, Korean, Latvian, Libyan, Mandarin, Malaysian, Polynesian, Romanian, Russian, Siberian, Syrian, Tunisian, Ugandan, Venezuelan, Yugoslavian, Zambian.I imagine that the following six to disappear will be Australian, Burmese, Canadian, Ceylonese, French, and also Siamese.African, American, Asian, Arabian, European, Indian, and Arctic will more than likely be stubborn. These have to do v continents, subcontinents, oceans, and also seas.Practically nobody to know what these typical anymore Andean, Atlantean, Byelorussian, Caledonian, Cyrenaican, Hibernian, Hyperborean, Peloponnesian, Neapolitan, Sumerian.Note that “Nepali” and also “Nepalese” are synonyms, as space “Siamese” and also “Thai”; and “Persian” and also “Iranian”.I have been said that once one ask one Iranian what language he speaks, the answer amounts to “Persian”.