What room the names of the families on the periodic table?

Families ~ above the regular table include, in addition to noble gases and also halogens, the alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, shift metals, lanthanides, and actinides. The nonmetals type a loosely defined cross-family grouping, as execute the metalloids.

You are watching: What are the vertical columns called

What space the vertical teams called?

The vertical columns of facets are called groups, or families. The aspects on the regular table room arranged so the their atom numbers rise in order native left come right.

What is the family name that vertical column 15?

Other groups with details names room the pnictogens (group 15), chalcogens (group 16), halogens (group 17), and also the noble gases (group 18, also known together inert gases). The teams can likewise be referred to by the an initial element that the group: for example, the chalcogens can be dubbed the oxygen group or oxygen family.

What is the period number?

The period number on the periodic table tells you the total number of orbits that the atom will have. In various other words, the duration number shows the variety of energy levels (or power orbit) of one atom. For example, first period suggests that these aspects possess 1 power shell (or power orbit).

How many aspects are there in 2nd period?

eight elementsPeriod 2 only has actually two metals (lithium and also beryllium) that eight elements, much less than for any type of subsequent duration both through number and also by proportion. It also has the most variety of nonmetals, specific five, among all periods….Periodic trends.

Chemical elementBlockElectron configuration
2s2 2p2

Are teams vertical or horizontal?

A team is a vertical heat of the routine table.

How countless groups space there?

18There space 18 numbered groups in the regular table; the f-block columns (between teams 2 and also 3) are not numbered.

Why are the upright columns top top the periodic table referred to as families?

The facets astatine ( At) and radon ( Rn) are both in duration 6. The vertical columns top top the routine table are referred to as groups or families since of their comparable chemical behavior. Every the members of a household of elements have the same variety of valence electrons and comparable chemical properties.

What space the 2nd columns the the periodic table called?

The second column of the periodic table is the alkaline earth metals: beryllium, Be; magnesium, Mg; calcium, Ca; strontium, Sr; barium, Ba; and also radium, Ra. These steels have comparable properties come alkali metals other than they space harder, have higher melting points and densities, and react more slowly through oxygen and water.

See more: What Is The Closest Airport To Columbia, South Carolina, Flights To Columbia Metropolitan Airport (Cae)

How are facets organized in a chemistry family?

Identify aspects that will have the most similar properties come a given element. The chemical behavior of atoms is managed by their electron configuration. Because the families of facets were organized by their chemical behavior, the is predictable that the individual members of every chemical household will have similar electron configurations.