The Oceanographers divided the s into different layers or zone to study the ocean. The Neritic ar is one the great or zone. In this article, we are giving a brief note top top the concept, types, location, physics characteristics and also habitat that neritic zone i beg your pardon is an extremely useful for the compete examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

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The earth is approximately covered with ocean by 71% and also ocean contains approximately 97% that Earth"s water. Oceans are the largest habitat region on the planet and likewise regulate the an international climate. The Oceanographers separated the s into various layers or zone to examine the ocean. The Neritic zone is one the layer or zone.


The Neritic Zone is the shallow region of the ocean above the drop-off that the continent shelf, around 200 meter in depth. The is also known as the coastal ocean, the coastal waters, or the sublittoral zone.


Types the Neritic Zone

Oceanographers divided the Neritic Zone into three parts on the communication of abundance of the maritime organism: Infralittoral zone; Circalittoral zone; and also Subtidal zone.

1. Infralittoral zone- This ar is dominated by the algae and has depth of about 16.40 feet listed below the short water mark.


2. Circalittoral zone- This region is overcame by the sessile pets like Oysters.

3. Subtidal zone- that is the lower most component of neritic zone and below the ocean"s intertidal zone. This region is never exposed come the atmosphere.


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Location of the Neritic Zone

Neritic zone is the an ar where oceanic system and the coast interact to each other. The is located just above the continental shelf and also important because that the survival of the naval life such together corals and fish. This zone gets decent lot of sunlight which will be an extremely helpful because that the development of naval life specifically photosynthetic organism. Due to this that is additionally known together the sunlit zone.


According come the physics oceanography, the neritic region is describes that part of ocean where far-reaching amount of power dissolution as well as tidal flows.

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Physical features of Neritic Zone


The Neritic region is the sanctuary for the maritime life since it acts like the storehouse of numerous sea nutrients.

1. This zone has actually lower water pressure and also moderate salinity.

2. This region has higher level of security than intertidal zone.

3. This zone has enough oxygen come sustain the maritime life.

4. The marine creatures prefer snails and jellyfish are discovered in abundance as they adjusted and sustain us by floating on this zone.

Therefore, this region is ideal region in the s for the stable temperature, pressure, light and also salinity levels, making it perfect for photosynthesis life.

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Habitat of the Neritic Zone

As we understand that this zone has stable temperature, pressure, light and also salinity levels, make it suitable for photosynthesis life.

So this zone support high primary production by photosynthetic life such together phytoplankton and floating sargassum; zooplankton, free-floating creatures varying from microscope foraminiferans to little fish and shrimp, feed on the phytoplankton (and one another); both trophic level in turn type the base of the food chain (or, an ext properly, web) the supports most of the world"s an excellent wild fisheries.

It is significant that the maritime life support coral (Marine early american polyp identified by a calcareous skeleton) is additionally found in this zone.

Animals found in the neritic zone: Sea anemones, Sponges, Clams, Oysters, Scallops, Crab, Shrimp, Lobsters, Zooplankton, Jellyfish, Dolphins, Eels, and Tunas.

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Plants found in the neritic zone: Kelp forests, Plankton, Seaweeds, Coral reef plants, and Algae.