This short article is written by Deena Nawab pursuing a Certificate course in Trademark Licensing, Prosecution and Litigation indigenous Lawsikho. 


Hasn’t there always been a craze for fashion v the development of garments in the fashion sector with likeness and also eyes fixed towards Gucci, Prada, FabIndia Raymond, us polo Assn., Peter England, Zara, H&M, Soch and also the list never-ending. 


Let’s take a moment to establish what the affect would be if there to be no relationship of trademarks in the fashion industry. There would certainly be lot of parties beginning and creating branches the these popular brands stated above. The infringing party’s inability to resolve the market demands causes an increase in defamation and loss of revenue to the actual proprietor. Hence, a low-quality product through the usage of inferior cloth material is manufactured.

Coming come the point, in this article, I will be stating the us POLO Assn. And POLO Ralph Lauren. There has actually been a matter of confusion in between these 2 brands which space in regards to the logo and also fashion industry. Polo is a traditional sports game, play on horseback in between two teams, every team consists of 4 players. The players usage mallets through flexible and long handles aiming to journey a wooden sphere down a grass field and also between 2 goalposts. This game is either play on an arena or a field with rules varying slightly because that each game. 

History the U.S. Polo Assn. And Polo Ralph Lauren

Alexander the Great, had known the video game named Polo, proving this to be the oldest organized Sport. The dad of American Polo, James Gordon Bennet (May 10, 1841- may 1918) had first observed the game in England. He had arranged players, common knowledge, equipment and Texas equines for the an initial loosely structured match in the unified States. Due to its old age relevance, there to be a desire to create a brand that would certainly serve the true soul of the video game Polo and also for this, the U.S POLO ASSN. Was created in 1981. 

The Polo Association to be commonly and originally recognized as the United claims Polo association (USPA). The USPA holds duties to coordinate games and standardize rules for the groups to be evened. During the world War era, the USPA had actually tried its best to include military football player of around 1,200 and were supposed to take part in Polo to enhance riding ability. 

The U.S polo assn. Has been ranked together the 5th largest sporting activities licensor and also marking the impression in 180 countries and also outlets v over 1,100 retail stores worldwide. Arvind Mills Ltd, in India (Arvind way of living Brands) and U.S Polo Assn. Gone into into a licensing agreement, for the distribution of the U.S Polo brand across India. The commercialization that Polo to be initiated by the manufacturing of T-shirts because that men, turning much more eyeballs towards the sports Polo. Manufacturing apparels, watches, shoes, leather goods, eyewear and also accessories whatever of high quality. To satisfy the satisfaction of the consumers, dispersing their identification worldwide.

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Whereas Ralph Lauren initially did not expand his business to fashion directly, he started on a smaller note. Working out in the realm State building in new York City, marketing ties under the manufacturer named Beau Brummell. In early course, for the love he had towards the game of Polo, Ralph Lauren within a span of 2 years spread out a heat of menswear named POLO. His brand was very reputed amongst the civilians. Through his fame, he set up the very first freestanding save as one American Designer, on Rodeo journey in classy Beverly Hills.

Plenty the fashion houses are created based ~ above the personality that the founders. The criticality of separation, personal, instance style in addition to the personality of the developers results in unique designs and patterns. This help the creators to sustain the brand strategy because that fashion brands.

Such affect was found by Ralph Lauren also. This goes earlier to Ralph Lauren’s brother, Jerry Lauren that was the head the the menswear department and enthusiast for the collection of Steiff stuffed Bears, back in 1990. During this period, a legacy was lugged up which had made the colleagues current a Steiff Bear. Pull on in a preppy style similar to how Jerry Lauren had actually dressed up at the time, this be affected by each other was offered to both Jerry Lauren and Ralph Lauren developed in their version. This Preppy Bear was presented as a style icon, appearing on the Brand’s product for it gift a brand mascot. One must be mindful of the movie ‘The good Gatsby’, a classic novel masterpiece in 1974, Ralph Lauren had actually dressed every character for this struggle movie.

The statistics indigenous March 27, 2021 display that Polo Ralph Lauren had actually a complete of 151 stores across the world.


Dispute and decision on fragrance products

The battle had begun ago in the mid-80s. Polo and also Ralph Lauren had always been placed up on a challenge of confusion v regards to their comparable logos and also sporty garments. Stating the end the history it must have actually been clear that these brands aren’t related at all. In fact, U.S. Polo Association was a sport before it became a brand together it has actually been describe on today’s date. 

Ralph Lauren had actually manufactured and sold a number of branded PRL’s perfumes for numerous years. USPA had actually been widening to together an degree covering wide aspects that the fashion industry and also one such element was producing and also selling men’s fragrances. A dispute emerged in 1984, wherein a fit of infringement was filed by Ralph Lauren. PRL had completed that the use of men’s fragrance and twin horse point out on the bottle had actually caused trademark infringement, unfair competition, dilution and also common regulation violation. The court had determined all the determinants in this case carefully because trademark infringement instances are incredibly intensive.

The court had actually held that the usage of the double horse mark as logo and its wordmark has produced a solid likelihood of confusion to the public. As it is deceptively comparable and stop USPA guilty of unfair competition. Happen a irreversible injunction against USPA top top the usage of fragrance products and anything comparable to it. The USPA was allowed to use the trademark ~ above apparel, animal leather goods and watches but restricted it native the use of fragrances and also beauty products. This judgment is tied earlier to 1984 by the ar Court in new York, setup up a limitation on united state Polo Assn. To broaden its area of assets in the fashion industry. 

The duration between 1984-2006 had actually encountered disputes and also orders which had actually obliged the USPA from infringing RPL’s mark. Injunctions to be passed versus USPA by the ar court banning from utilizing the dual Horsemen logo, the words ‘U.S POLO ASSN.’ OR ‘USPA’ OR ‘POLO’ in link to fragrance.

The USPA, in the duration 2009-2012 had actually sold sunglasses with double Horsemen mark as the logo design on it and sold virtually one million pairs. PRL had actually moved to Court in august 2012, stating that USPA had infringed the injunction passed in 1984. Alongside, the fragrance injunction through the use of logo design on sunglasses. The Court had actually avoided getting into the market evaluation of even if it is the usage of the double Horsemen mark on the sunglasses had infringed PRL’s sector use. Thus, happen an award to PRL through relief because that “future profits of any sales that eyewear comprise the dual Horsemen Mark, sixty days succeeding to the court’s order.” U.S. Polo Ass’n v. PRL USA Holdings, case Nos. 13-1038, -1130.

The decision by the 2nd U.S. Court the Appeal

In the appeal brought by the USPA, the 2nd U.S Court the Appeals in Manhattan had actually not rule anything versus the ar court’s ruling. That is, indigenous restricting USPA to prevent using the logo design on fragrance products. However, proclaimed it to it is in wrong to presume that since there is a half on making use of the dual horsemen logo on fragrance products. This had additionally disabled them from not utilizing the said trademark on clothing and also other varying products. However, the Court declared that over there is no nearby relation between fragrance and eyewear, compared to eyewear and also apparels. More stating, a industry by market analysis is mandatory to prove that there has been confusion in between the brands and also to hold USPA liable because that the infringement committed. However the district Court fail to carry out the market analysis.

USPA was referred to as a “repeat infringer” by PRL, questioning the validity and authenticity that USPA over and also over again. This dispute was rejected by Kyle C.Bisceglie, the attorney of Polo Ass. Stating Polo Assn. Stating this is only a means adopted by PRL to prevent Polo. Assn. Indigenous marketing the authenticity the is detailed to the united state Polo products, the second Court of Appeal had actually ruled in favour of USPA.

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This situation was a issue of long rivalry between USPA and PRL. By the observance that this situation law, a trademark owner has been provided a scope for its trademark security on goods manufactured and also distributed. The word ‘POLO’ had actually originated from sports, both the founders had actually used this surname to showcase your love for POLO. In ~ the very same time, no of these brands were restricted from broadening their business throughout the globe. The reason being, words POLO was supplied in innovative means to sell and manufacture assets by PLR because that fashion and also clothing. Vice versa, U.S Polo Assn. Had actually manufactured sportswear, men’s wear and also products far-ranging in the apparel industry. But, the U.S Polo Assn. Was minimal to action onto the products which would attempt to infringe the goodwill PRL had produced over years. Most importantly for a trademark to be opposed, a trademark have to be taken wholly into factor to consider rather than just a component of it. It must be visually various wholly, whether it’s in the kind of a machine mark or wordmark boosting the scopes that the parties. While taking into consideration the twin Horsemen mark shaded blue with words U.S Polo Assn. As a logo. To the of Polo Ralph Lauren, v a solitary horsemen logo shaded black and the indigenous POLO Ralph Lauren together the logo. One can quickly conclude that there is no likelihood the confusion between these two icons.


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