Image courtesy of Carl Washington, MD, and Mona Saraiya, MD, MPH, via the Public health Image Library the the Centers for an illness Control and also Prevention.

You are watching: Tumor of the nail medical term

Noncancerous (benign) and cancerous (malignant) tumors can influence the nail unit, leading to a transforms in pond texture and/or shade (dystrophy Deformities, Dystrophies, and also Discoloration that the pond The state deformities and also dystrophies are frequently used interchangeably, sometimes even by doctors. However, their meanings are slightly different. Deformities: changes in nail form Dystrophies... read an ext


Noncancerous tumors encompass myxoid cysts (benign, fluid-filled swellings), pyogenic granulomas Pyogenic Granulomas Pyogenic granulomas are fleshy, moist or crusty, and also red or red brown slightly elevated bumps led to by one increased expansion of capillaries (the smallest blood vessels) and swelling that the... read more

, and also glomus tumors.

Cancerous tumors encompass Bowen condition Bowen disease Bowen an illness is an early type of squamous cabinet carcinoma that is confined come the outer layer the the skin (epidermis) and also has not yet got into the deeper layers. (See additionally Overview that Skin Cancer... read more

(an early kind of skin cancer), squamous cell carcinoma Squamous cell Carcinoma Squamous cell carcinoma is cancer that starts in the squamous cells of the skin. Thick, scaly growths appear on the skin and also do no heal. Come diagnose the cancer, doctors do a biopsy. Treatment... read much more
, and malignant melanoma Melanoma Melanoma is a skin cancer that begins in the pigment-producing cells of the skin (melanocytes). Melanomas can start on normal skin or in currently moles. They may be irregular, flat or raised... read much more
. When doctors suspect cancer, they do a biopsy and also may recommend finish removal of the tumor as shortly as possible.

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The arrowhead points come a myxoid cyst. Myxoid cysts typically construct close come the fingernail or toenail, often in world with osteoarthritis.

A dark tape in the nail may be the initial sign of malignant melanoma of the nail. Pigment cell of the nail-making tissue, recognized as the nail matrix, may become malignant and also develop right into a melanoma. A worrisome sign is known as Hutchinson sign. The Hutchinson sign is black, brown, or gray discoloration the extends to the area roughly the nail, such as the cuticle or nail fold (the wrinkles of hard skin at the sides of the nail plate where the nail and the skin meet). This sign might mean over there is melanoma in the pond bed (the soft tissue underneath the pond plate that attaches the pond to the finger). Once this authorize is present, doctors do a biopsy that the nail bed abnormality. Melanoma may also occur there is no the Hutchinson sign.

Image courtesy of Carl Washington, MD, and also Mona Saraiya, MD, MPH, via the Public health and wellness Image Library that the Centers for condition Control and Prevention.

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In this photo, the middle finger is marked by lengthwise discoloration of the pond (melanonychia striata; blue arrow) and also hyperpigmentation the extends across the half-moon in ~ the base of the pond (lunula) to the cuticle (Hutchinson sign; red arrow).