Scotland is the 2nd largest country in good Britain. That is bordered on the west and also north through the Atlantic Ocean; top top the east by the north Sea and on the south by England.

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The national symbols space the Thistle (left) and blue flag v Saltire (Saint Andrew’s Cross) right

Area: 78,789 sq km (30,420 sq miles) including the islands. About twice the size of the Netherlands and nearly the exact same size as south Carolina in the US. Scotland counts 787 archipelago from which approximately 130 are inhabited.

Size: Scotland measures 441 km (274 miles) from north to south. From east to west it different from 38.8 kilometres to 248 km. The in its entirety coastline consisting of the archipelago is 10,000 km! (69% of the full UK coastline)

Population: approximately 5,2 million (january 2002)

Density: 64 people per sq km (166 every sq mile)

language: English, Scots and Gaelic

Capital: Edinburgh

Scottish cities and also inhabitants: Glasgow (581,320) – Edinburgh (454,280) – Dundee (142,070) – Aberdeen (183,030) – Perth (44,820) – Inverness (44,220) – Stirling (42,710)

Major towns and inhabitants: Paisley – 74,100, east Kilbride – 73,200, Livingston – 54,740, Cumbernauld – 50,480, Hamilton – 48,900, Kirkcaldy – 48,630, Dunfermline – 46,430,Ayr – 46,070, Kilmarnock – 44,390

Politics:Queen (of the UK): Queen Elizabeth IIFirst Minister the Scotland: Nicola Sturgeon

Currency: lb Sterling consist of of the complying with coins: 1p,2p,5p,10p,20p,50p,£1,£2 and notes: £5, £10, £20, £50, £100In most countries, the problem of banknotes is the prerogative of the government and its central bank. In Scotland, however, for historical reasons 3 of the Scottish financial institutions continue to exercise a privilege which an initial came around in the 17th century.

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This banks and also their notes are the bank of Scotland, the Royal financial institution of Scotland and the Clydesdale bank

Religions: bulk of the people (3,3 million) space christian. Churches: Church of Scotland (Presbyterian), Scottish Episcopal Church, roman Catholicism.

Highest Point: Ben Nevis 1,343m

Lowest point: Loch Morar (310 metres deep)

Longest river: river Tay 193 km

Shortest river(s): river Morar and also Scavaig river on Skye, both a couple of hundred metres