Gallium

facet 31 of routine table is Gallium with atomic number 31, atomic load 69.723. Gallium, price Ga, has a Base focused Orthorhombic structure and also Silver color. Gallium is a post-transition steel element. Trivial surname of Gallium is triels, icosagens. Recognize everything about Gallium Facts, physical Properties, chemistry Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.


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Gallium is a chemical aspect with symbol Ga and atomic number 31. Element gallium walk not take place in free type in nature, yet as the gallium(III) compounds that space in trace quantities in zinc ores and also in bauxite. Gallium is a soft, silvery metal, and elemental gallium is a brittle solid at low temperatures, and also melts at 29.76 °C (85.57 °F) (slightly over room temperature).

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Gallium Facts

Read vital information and facts around element Gallium

name Gallium
atomic Number 31
atomic Symbol Ga
Atomic load 69.723
step Solid
shade Silver
Classification post-transition metal
group in routine Table 13
Group Name boron household
period in routine Table 4
Block in routine Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 3d10 4s2 4p1
Melting allude 29.76 °C
Boiling allude 2204 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 8, 18, 3>
CAS Number CAS7440-55-3

neighborhood
13
Al
14
Si
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
1
1
H
2
He
2
3
Li
4
Be
5
B
6
C
7
N
8
O
9
F
10
Ne
3
11
Na
12
Mg
13
Al
14
Si
15
P
16
S
17
Cl
18
Ar
4
19
K
20
Ca
21
Sc
22
Ti
23
V
24
Cr
25
Mn
26
Fe
27
Co
28
Ni
29
Cu
30
Zn
31
Ga
32
Ge
33
As
34
Se
35
Br
36
Kr
5
37
Rb
38
Sr
39
Y
40
Zr
41
Nb
42
Mo
43
Tc
44
Ru
45
Rh
46
Pd
47
Ag
48
Cd
49
In
50
Sn
51
Sb
52
Te
53
I
54
Xe
6
55
Cs
56
Ba
72
Hf
73
Ta
74
W
75
Re
76
Os
77
Ir
78
Pt
79
Au
80
Hg
81
Tl
82
Pb
83
Bi
84
Po
85
At
86
Rn
7
87
Fr
88
Ra
104
Rf
105
Db
106
Sg
107
Bh
108
Hs
109
Mt
110
Ds
111
Rg
112
Cn
113
Nh
114
Fl
115
Mc
116
Lv
117
Ts
118
Og
Lanthanides
57
La
58
Ce
59
Pr
60
Nd
61
Pm
62
Sm
63
Eu
64
Gd
65
Tb
66
Dy
67
Ho
68
Er
69
Tm
70
Yb
71
Lu
Actinide
89
Ac
90
Th
91
Pa
92
U
93
Np
94
Pu
95
Am
96
Cm
97
Bk
98
Cf
99
Es
100
Fm
101
Md
102
No
103
Lr

check out our interactive routine table


How to situate Gallium on regular Table

Periodic table is i ordered it by atomic number, number of protons in the nucleus i m sorry is exact same as variety of electrons. The atomic number increases from left to right. Regular table starts at height left ( atom number 1) and ends in ~ bottom right (atomic number 118). Because of this you can directly look because that atomic number 31 to discover Gallium on routine table.

Another method to read routine table and also locate an element is by using team number (column) and duration number (row). To locate Gallium on regular table look for cross section of team 13 and period 4 in the contemporary periodic table.

explore Interactive regular Table come Understand and Learn Cool patterns

Table of Contents


History
Abundance
Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbit Properties
Chemical Properties
Isotopes
Health and Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Databases
Compare Gallium with other elements

Gallium History

The facet Gallium was uncovered by Lecoq de Boisbaudran in year 1875 in France . Gallium obtained its name from Gallia, the Latin name for France

Gallium Presence: variety in Nature and Around Us

The table below shows the diversity of Gallium in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.

Ppb by load (1ppb =10^-7 %)
variety in universe 1×10-6%
variety in sunlight 4×10-6%
variety in Meteorites 7.6e-06
Abundance in Earth"s tardy 1.9e-05
abundance in seas 3×10-9%
variety in human beings N/A

Crystal framework of Gallium

The hard state structure of Gallium is Base focused Orthorhombic.

The crystal structure deserve to be defined in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cell repeats itself in three dimensional room to kind the structure.

Unit cabinet Parameters

The unit cabinet is represented in regards to its lattice parameters, which room the lengths of the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and also c)

a b c
451.97 766.33 452.6 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and also gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are explained by the collection of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured native a reference lattice point.

The symmetry nature of the crystal are described by the principle of an are groups. All possible symmetric kinds of particles in three-dimensional room are defined by the 230 room groups (219 unique types, or 230 if chiral copies are thought about distinct.

an are Group surname Cmca
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room Group Number 64
Crystal framework Base centered Orthorhombic

Gallium Atomic and also Orbital Properties

Gallium atoms have actually 31 electrons and the digital shell framework is <2, 8, 18, 3> through Atomic ax Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P1/2.


atomic Number 31
Number of electrons (with no charge) 31
Number the Protons 31
Mass Number 70
Number that Neutrons 39
Shell framework (Electrons per energy level) <2, 8, 18, 3>
Electron construction 3d10 4s2 4p1
Valence Electrons 4s2 4p1
Oxidation State -5;-4;-2;-1 1;2;3
Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 2P1/2

Shell structure of Gallium - electrons per energy level


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Ground State digital Configuration that Gallium - neutral Gallium atom

The floor state digital configuration that Neutral Gallium atom is 3d10 4s2 4p1. The part of Gallium configuration that is indistinguishable to the noble gas of the coming before period, is abbreviated together . For atoms with countless electrons, this notation have the right to become prolonged and therefore an abbreviation notation is used.This is vital as the is the Valence electrons 3d10 4s2 4p1, electrons in the outermost shell that recognize the chemistry properties the the element.

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Unabbreviated electronic configuration that neutral Gallium

Complete soil state digital configuration because that the Gallium atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2 4p1

Atomic structure of Gallium

Gallium atom radius is 136 pm, when it"s covalent radius is 126 pm.

atom Radius

136 afternoon (1.36 Å)

Atomic Volume 11.8094512195 cm3
Covalent Radius 126 pm (1.26 Å)
van der Waals Radius 187 pm
spirit Cross ar 2.9 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum the Gallium

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Gallium chemical Properties: Gallium Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity that Gallium is 28.9 kJ/mol

Valence 3
Electronegativity 1.81
ElectronAffinity 28.9 kJ/mol

Ionization power of Gallium

Refer come table listed below for Ionization energies of Gallium

Ionization energy number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 578.8
2 1979.3
3 2963
4 6180

Gallium physics Properties

Refer to listed below table because that Gallium physics Properties

density 5.904 g/cm3
Molar Volume 11.8094512195 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus N/A
Shear Modulus N/A
mass Modulus N/A
Poisson proportion N/A

Hardness of Gallium - tests to measure of Hardness of Element

Mohs Hardness 1.5 MPa
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness 60 MPa

Gallium electrical Properties

Gallium is Conductor of electricity. Refer to table listed below for the electrical properties of Gallium

electric Conductivity 7.1×106 S/m
Resistivity 1.4×10-7 m Ω
Superconducting suggest 1.083

Gallium Heat and Conduction Properties

heat Conductivity 29 W/(m K)
Thermal development 0.00012 K-1

Gallium Magnetic Properties

Magnetic type Diamagnetic
Curie point N/A
fixed Magnetic Susceptibility -3×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -2.09×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -1.77e-05

Optical nature of Gallium

Refractive table of contents N/A

Acoustic nature of Gallium

rate of Sound 2740 m/s

Gallium heat Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

Refer to table below for heat properties that Gallium

Melting suggest 302.91 K (29.76 °C)
Boiling suggest 2477 K (2204 °C)
crucial Temperature N/A
Superconducting suggest 1.083

Enthalpies that Gallium

warmth of blend 5.59 kJ/mol
warmth of Vaporization 256 kJ/mol
warm of combustion N/A

Gallium isotope - atom Properties the Gallium

Isotopes the rhodium. Naturally arising Gallium has actually 2 stable isotope - 69Ga, 71Ga.


Isotope Isotope mass % variety T fifty percent Decay mode
56Ga
57Ga
58Ga
59Ga
60Ga
61Ga
62Ga
63Ga
64Ga
65Ga
66Ga
67Ga
68Ga
69Ga 60.108% steady N/A
70Ga
71Ga 39.892% secure N/A
72Ga
73Ga
74Ga
75Ga
76Ga
77Ga
78Ga
79Ga
80Ga
81Ga
82Ga
83Ga
84Ga
85Ga
86Ga

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7440-55-3
RTECS Number RTECSLW8600000
period Hazard course 8
dot Numbers 2803
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 0
NFPA dangers N/A
NFPA wellness Rating 1
NFPA Reactivity Rating 0
Autoignition allude N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

list of unique identifiers to find the facet in assorted chemical registry databases

Database i would number
CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts service (CAS) CAS7440-55-3
CID Number CID5360835
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSLW8600000

Compare Gallium v all Group 13 elements

Gallium vs Boron Gallium vs Aluminium Gallium vs Indium Gallium vs Thallium Gallium vs Nihonium

Compare Gallium v all post-transition metal elements

Gallium vs Aluminium Gallium vs Indium Gallium vs tin Gallium vs Thallium Gallium vs command Gallium vs Bismuth Gallium vs Nihonium Gallium vs Flerovium Gallium vs Moscovium Gallium vs Livermorium