Natural numbers room a component of the number system, including all the optimistic integers indigenous 1 come infinity. Herbal numbers are also called count numbers since they execute not encompass zero or an unfavorable numbers. They space a component of actual numbers consisting of only the hopeful integers, but not zero, fractions, decimals, and negative numbers.

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1.Introduction to herbal Numbers
2.What Are herbal Numbers?
3.Natural Numbers and also Whole Numbers
4.Difference in between Natural Numbers and also Whole Numbers
5.Natural number on Number Line
6.Properties of organic Numbers
7.FAQs on natural Numbers

Introduction to natural Numbers

We see numbers everywhere about us, because that counting objects, because that representing or exchanging money, for measuring the temperature, informing the time, etc. These numbers the are supplied for count objects are called “natural numbers”. For example, when counting objects, we say 5 cups, 6 books, 1 bottle, etc.

What Are natural Numbers?

Natural numbers describe a collection of all the totality numbers not included 0. This numbers are considerably used in our day-to-day activities and speech.

Natural numbers Definition

Natural numbers space the numbers that are used for counting and also are a part of real numbers. The collection of natural numbers incorporate only the confident integers, i.e., 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, ……….∞.

Examples of natural Numbers

Natural numbers, also known as non-negative integers(all confident integers). Couple of examples encompass 23, 56, 78, 999, 100202, and also so on.

Set of natural Numbers

A set is a arsenal of aspects (numbers in this context). The collection of organic numbers in math is written as 1,2,3,.... The collection of herbal numbers is denoted by the symbol, N. N = 1,2,3,4,5,...∞

Statement FormN = collection of every numbers starting from 1.
Roaster FormN = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, ………………………………
Set Builder FormN = x : x is one integer beginning from 1

Smallest natural Number

The smallest organic number is 1. We recognize that the smallest facet in N is 1 and also that for every facet in N, we deserve to talk around the next element in regards to 1 and also N (which is 1 much more than that element). Because that example, two is one an ext than one, 3 is one more than two, and so on.

Natural numbers from 1 to 100

The natural number from 1 come 100 room 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 99 and 100.

Is 0 a natural Number?

No, 0 is not a herbal number since natural numbers space counting numbers. For counting any variety of objects, we begin counting indigenous 1 and also not from 0.


Odd organic Numbers

The odd organic numbers room the number that space odd and belong to the set N. So the collection of odd organic numbers is 1,3,5,7,....

Even organic Numbers

The also natural numbers are the number that space even, exactly divisible by 2, and also belong come the collection N. So the set of even natural numbers is 2,4,6,8,....

The collection of whole numbers is the exact same as the set of organic numbers, other than that that includes an additional number i beg your pardon is 0. The set of whole numbers in math is created as 0,1,2,3,.... That is denoted by the letter, W.

W = 0,1,2,3,4…

From the over definitions, we have the right to understand that every herbal number is a entirety number. Also, every totality number other than 0 is a herbal number. We can say that the collection of natural numbers is a subset the the collection of whole numbers.


Natural numbers room all optimistic numbers choose 1, 2, 3, 4, and so on. They are the numbers you usually count and also they continue till infinity. Whereas, the totality numbers room all organic numbers including 0, because that example, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, and also so on. Integers encompass all entirety numbers and also their negative counterpart. E.g, -4, -3, -2, -1, 0,1, 2, 3, 4 and so on. The adhering to table mirrors the difference between a herbal number and a whole number.

Natural NumberWhole Number
The set of natural numbers is N= 1,2,3,...∞The set of entirety numbers is W=0,1,2,3,...
The smallest herbal number is 1.The smallest entirety number is 0.
All natural numbers are whole numbers, yet all whole numbers room not organic numbers.Each totality number is a organic number, except zero.

The collection of organic numbers and also whole numbers have the right to be presented on the number heat as provided below. Every the hopeful integers or the integers on the right-hand side of 0, represent the natural numbers, whereas, every the optimistic integers in addition to zero, represent the totality numbers.


The 4 operations, addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, on natural numbers, lead to four main properties of herbal numbers as displayed below:

Closure PropertyAssociative PropertyCommutative PropertyDistributive Property

1. Closure Property:

The sum and product of two organic numbers is always a organic number.

Closure home of Addition: a+b=c ⇒ 1+2=3, 7+8=15. This reflects that the sum of herbal numbers is always a herbal number.Closure residential property of Multiplication: a×b=c ⇒ 2×3=6, 7×8=56, etc. This shows that the product of natural numbers is always a natural number.

So, the set of natural numbers, N is closed under addition and multiplication but this is not the instance in subtraction and also division.

2. Associative Property:

The amount or product of any type of three organic numbers stays the same also if the grouping of number is changed.

Associative home of Addition: a+(b+c)=(a+b)+c ⇒ 2+(3+1)=2+4=6 and also the same an outcome is acquired in (2+3)+1=5+1=6.Associative building of Multiplication: a×(b×c)=(a×b)×c ⇒ 2×(3×1)=2×3=6= and the same an outcome is acquired in (a×b)×c=(2×3)×1=6×1=6.

So, the collection of organic numbers, N is associative under addition and multiplication however this does not take place in the case of subtraction and also division.

3. Commutative Property:

The sum or product of two herbal numbers continues to be the same also after interchanging the order of the numbers. The commutative property of N says that: For every a,b∈N: a+b=b+a and also a×b=b×a.

Commutative residential or commercial property of Addition: a+b=b+a ⇒ 8+9=17 and b+a=9+8=17.Commutative residential or commercial property of Multiplication: a×b=b×a ⇒ 8×9=72 and also 9×8=72.

So, the set of natural numbers, N is commutative under enhancement and multiplication but not in the situation of subtraction and division.Let united state summarise these three nature of natural numbers in a table. So, the set of natural numbers, N is commutative under enhancement and multiplication.

OperationClosure PropertyAssociative PropertyCommutative Property

4. Distributive Property:

The distributive home of multiplication over enhancement is a×(b+c)=a×b+a×cThe distributive residential or commercial property of multiplication over subtraction is a×(b−c)=a×b−a×c

To learn much more about the properties of herbal numbers, click here.

Important Points

0 is not a natural number, the is a whole number.N is closed, associative, and also commutative under both enhancement and multiplication (but not under subtraction and division).

☛ associated Articles

Check the end a couple of more interesting write-ups related to natural numbers and properties.

Example 2: Is N, together a set of herbal numbers, closeup of the door under addition and multiplication?


Natural numbers encompass only the positive integers and also we recognize that on including two or an ext positive integers, we obtain their amount as a confident integer, similarly, when we main point two an adverse integers, we acquire their product as a confident integer. Thus, for any kind of two natural numbers, their sum and also the product will certainly be natural numbers only. Therefore, N is closed under addition and multiplication.

Note: This is no the situation with individually and division so, N is not closed under subtraction and also division.

Example 3: Silvia and Susan gathered seashells top top the beach. Silvia accumulated 10 shells and also Susan collected 4 shells. How plenty of shells did they collect in all? club all the natural numbers, offered in the situation and perform the arithmetic procedure accordingly.

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Shells gathered by Silvia = 10 and shells accumulated by Susan = 4. Thus, the total variety of shells built up by them=10+4=14. Therefore, Silvia and Susan built up 14 shells in all.