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Outline of the Iliad

Book 1

A plague has struck the Achaean(Greek) camp carried on by Apollo, who deserve to only it is in appeased with the return ofChryseis, daughter the a priest of Apollo, to she father. If Agamemnon has toreturn his war prize, Chryseis, climate he will seize Achilles’ battle prize, themaiden Briseis, in order come keep confront as the leader of the Achaean troops. Withthis, Achilles is publicly disgraced and, in anger, withdraws every one of his troopsfrom battle. Achilles prays to his divine mother, Thetis, and also asks she topersuade Zeus to do the Achaeans lose the fight so castle will watch that theyshould not have dishonored him.

Book 2

Zeus starts to meet his promiseto Thetis to bring honor come Achilles. The deceives Agamemnon through a dreamthat promises victory. Agamemnon phone call the Achaean leaders with each other totell lock his dream. First, he tests the troops by saying the they aregoing home.Much come his chagrin, the soldiers run for the ships; onlyOdysseus is able to rally them and also shame them into staying. The troopsassemble and all of the Achaean contingents are provided in a catalogue that theships. Ago in Troy, the Trojans eight to meet the Achaeans and also theirwarriors and also allies space catalogued as well.

Book 3

Paris challenges any of theAchaeans to a duel and Menelaos accepts. A truce is asserted while Agamemnonand Hektor identify the conditions of the duel; Helen is to it is in awarded come thewinner.Helen join Priam ~ above the wall surfaces of Troy and also names the Achaeanwarriors for him. Then, Priam goes come the battlefield come swear one oathwith Agamemnon come respect the results of the duel.Menelaos and also Parisfight. As soon as Menelaos wounds Paris, Aphrodite snatches him away to the safety and security ofhis bedroom in Troy and also to Helen.

Book 4

At a board of directors of the god on mount Olympos, Zeus considersbringing the Trojan war to an finish after nine years and also sparing the city ofTroy. Hera angrily objects, and Zeus sends Athena to break the truce.Athena persuades Pandaros, a Trojan nobleman, come shoot an arrowhead at Menelaos.Menelaos is wounded, the truce is damaged and, together Agamemnon rallies the troops,fighting division out.

Book 5

With fighting resumed, both armies battle bravely yet theoutstanding warrior is the Achaean hero, Diomedes, that Athena has inspired withexceptional courage and skill, as well as the capability to differentiate gods frommen. However, he should not engage any type of of the gods through the exemption ofAphrodite. Diomedes kills Pandaros and also is about to kill Aeneas as soon as Aphroditeintervenes to conserve her son. As soon as he wounds Aphrodite, Ares come to aid theTrojans. The goddesses, Hera and Athena, join in ~ above the Achaean side.

Book 6

Diomedes and the Trojan, Glaukos,are about to fight as soon as they find they room ’guest-friends’: their grandfathershad visited each other and also exchanged gifts. Hektor return to troy to asking theTrojan ladies to make a sacrifice come Athena to victory her pity. That discoversParis at house with Helen and rebukes his brother for abandoning thebattlefield.Hektor bring away the possibility to visit his very own home and also in amoving scene, says an emotional good-bye to his wife, Andromache, and theirbaby, Astyanax, prior to returning come battle.

Book 7

Back ~ above the battlefield, Hektor proposes a duel v oneof the Achaeans. However, none of the Achaeans is brave sufficient to accept theTrojan heroes challenge. Nestor chides the warriors until nine that the Achaeanchampions volunteer to fight Hektor. Finally, Telamonian Ajax is favored by lotand the warriors communicate in a ferocious fight, however the duel ends in a draw asnight falls.Both sides agree come a truce to ask the dead, and theAchaeans construct a wall surface and a trench to protect their ships and also fortify theircamp.

Book 8

The battle resumes. In ~ a councilon Olympus, Zeus tells the gods the he is plan on happen the war to anend and also orders them not to interfere on either side. He decides to offer theday’s win to the Trojans. Hera and also Athena try to help the Achaeans, yet arestopped by Zeus that foretells Patroklos’ death and also Achilles" return to thefighting.The Trojans with the Achaean wall and Hektor persuades theTrojans come camp ~ above the level for the night in stimulate to retain the advantage forthe morning’s assault.

Book 9

The Achaean leaders host an assembly. Agamemnon, ~ above theverge of tears, proposes to walk home, however Diomedes and Nestor dissuade him, forit is fated that trojan will at some point fall. Agamemnon admits his failure athaving insulted Achilles and Nestor convinces him to return Briseis and also offerAchilles splendid gifts in reconciliation. Odysseus, Telamonian Ajax andPhoenix, Achilles age tutor, are sent out as emissaries come Achilles" time withAgamemnon’s offer, if that will return to battle. Achilles, placing his injuredpride above all else, rejects your appeals.

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Book 10

Worried about their situation, Agamemnon can’t sleep for this reason hecalls ~ above Diomedes and Odysseus come scout out the Trojan camp thatnight.On the way, they catch Dolon, a Trojan nobleman sent out by Hektor tospy ~ above the Achaeans. After ~ extracting advantageous information from Dolon, theykill him.They then sneak into the Trojan camp, brutally killing Rhesos, aTrojan ally, and twelve of his warriors, and also lead off their magnificent horsesas spoils.

Book 11

Battle resumes the following morningand several influential Achaean warriors are wounded and must leaving the fighting.Achilles watches the defeat and, troubled through the turn of events, sendsPatroklos, his comrade-in-arms, to find out around the casualties, since his ownwounded pride will certainly not permit him to openly present an interest in the fate that the Achaeans.Nestor urges Patroklos to persuade Achilles to return to battle, or at leastlet Patroklos and Achilles’ troops, the Myrmidons, resume fighting because that theAchaeans.

Books 12-15

The battle is bloody. Agamemnon, Diomedes and also Odysseus areall wounded and also the Achaeans are required to take it refuge behind your wall.Hektor and also the Trojans breach the wall surface and storm the Achaeancamp.Poseidon, versus Zeus’ vault order, rallies the Achaeans, andTelamonian Ajax and also the Lesser Ajax defend the Achaean ships. Hera numbers outwhat Poseidon is increase to and seduces Zeus to distract his attention away indigenous thebattle. As the Achaeans rally, Hektor is wounded. Having actually fallen asleep,Zeus wakes up and threatens the god to cease your assistance. Hektor returns tothe battle, cd driver the Achaeans back to your ships, and tries to set them onfire.

Book 16

Following Nestor’s advice,Patroklos pleads v Achilles come let that wear his armor and also lead the Myrmidonsinto battle.Achilles advises him to carry out no an ext than rescue the ships, whichare now burning, and also to return once he has driven the Trojans away.TheTrojans room driven back and Patroklos kills many of them including, Sarpedon, amortal child of Zeus.Hera persuades Zeus no to intervene to savehim.Patroklos ignores Achilles" warning and pursues Hektor all the method tothe wall surfaces of Troy whereby he is lastly slain through Hektor, through the help of Apollo.

Book 17

Menelaos attempts to protectPatroklos’ dead body but is driven off by Hektor who strips the corpse ofAchilles’ prized armor. A battle immediately develops between the 2 sidesover Patroklos" naked corpse. The Trojans hope to take it back to trojan andmutilate it together a warning come Achilles, if the Achaeans wish to give it theproper funeral rites. Finally the corpse is rescued and safely carried back tothe Achaean camp.

Book 18

Achilles is alongside himself once helearns the Patroklos" death. Thetis, his mother, concerns console him.Hewants come rejoin the fight but Thetis foretells the he will die if the avengeshis friend. However determined, Thetis leaves to procure brand-new armor because that herson indigenous Hephaistos, the blacksmith of the gods.The Trojans learn of Achillesreturn come battle and also Hektor rejects advice the they withdraw into Troy because that thenight. Achilles continues to mourn end Patroklos. Fancy description isgiven of Achilles’ brand-new armor.

Book 19

Achilles call the Achaean troopsto an assembly wherein he renounces his quarrel with Agamemnon.Agamemnonblames Zeus for your quarrel, return Briseis to Achilles and also presents himwith gifts.The troops are offered time come rest and also eat yet Achillesannounces that he will rapid until Patroklos is avenged. Before returning tobattle, Achilles rebukes his horses for not protecting Patroklos. Among themanswers through prophesying his death.

Book 20

Zeus calls an assembly and also permitsthe god to openly aid either side. Hera, Athena, Poseidon, Hermes andHephaistos sign up with the Achaeans while Ares, Apollo, Artemis, and also Aphrodite jointhe Trojans. Fighting resumes and many Trojans die at the hands of Achilles.Achilles is around to death Aeneas, once Poseidon rescues the Trojan prince,since the is fated that he will be the sole survivor that the home of Priam.

Book 21

Achilles brutally slaughters manyTrojans in the flow Xanthos, which is shortly bleeding red and choked withcorpses. Angered, the flow attempts come drown Achilles with currents and greatwaves.He is ultimately rescued by Athena and also Poseidon. The gods likewise battleeach other while Zeus looks on.Athena loss Ares and Aphrodite whileHera cd driver Artemis indigenous the field. Poseidon obstacles Apollo, that defers tohis larger uncle. Achilles chases the Trojans come Troy, seeking protection withinits walls.

Book 22

Hektor stands exterior Troy’s gatespreparing to fulfill Achilles in single combat. Suddenly get rid of with fear,Hektor flees as Achilles pursues him 3 times approximately the city walls. Athenadeludes Hektor right into thinking the he will have actually divine assist so he transforms tofight.After a m’l’e, Achilles death Hektor, strips off his armor, andfastens his naked body to his chariot through his heels, dragging it roughly thewalls of Troy. Hektor’s parents and also wife look at on in horror, mourning the andthe inevitable loss of Troy.

Book 23

Patroklos appears to Achilles in adream and also urges the to organize a funeral because that him so that he can get in Hades, therealm the the dead.The next day, the human body of Patroklos is put on top ofa funeral pyre, in addition to sacrifices consisting of numerous horses, huntingdogs and also twelve Trojan noblemen caught by Achilles. Then, Achilles hostssplendid funeral gamings in Patroklos" honor and also distributes prizes come thecompetitors in the various athletic events. Throughout this time, Hektor’s bodyis lied on the soil unattended.

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Book 24

For ripe days Achilles continuesto mistreat Hektor’s corpse by dragging it about the Achaean camp. The godsare outraged by this and decide the Priam need to be permitted to ransom the bodyof his son.Thetis notifies Achilles of the decision and also the god inspirePriam to visit Achilles" tent and also beg that to expropriate a splendid ransom because that hisson’s body. Priam and Achilles grieve together for their losses, the bodyis returned to Troy, and the Trojans command funeral rites for Hektor.