Chess rules might seem easy: learning exactly how to relocate the piece is pretty an easy when you’re learning just how to beat chess.

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However, there are a few special chess rules – or legislations of chess – the you need to know prior to you start to pat competitively.

7 Must-Know Chess Rules

Chess dominion #1: Touch move

If you’re thinking of start an over the plank tournament, friend must, must, must know the touch relocate rule. Us cannot emphasize how vital it is.

Games room won and lost at a stroke through this rule.

So here goes… the dominion states that once a chess player purposely touches among his pieces, that or she should make a relocate with this piece (of course, if over there is a legal relocate available).

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The K+B endgame is discover in 100 Endgames friend Must know

It have to take a maximum 32 great moves to mate starting from the most difficult position. However couple of players also up come 2000 elo know exactly how to carry out this together it’s very tricky.

That’s why the 50-move ascendancy exists since if girlfriend can’t supply mate in 50 exactly how do you know you’ll figure it out in 100, 200? The game can go ~ above forever.

Here’s a great example that a video game involving Magnus Carlsen wherein the 50-move rule ended up being a factor. It was a battle of attrition played at the London Chess classic in 2015 between the Bulgarian former people champion Veselin Topalov and the current world champion Magnus Carlsen.

Topalov organized out because that the draw:


1. D4 Nf6 2. C4 e6 3. Nf3 d5 4. Nc3 c5 5. Cxd5 Nxd5 6. E4 Nxc3 7. Bxc3 cxd4 8. Cxd4 Bb4+ 9. Bd2 Bxd2+ 10. Qxd2 O-O 11. Bc4 Nd7 12. O-O b6 13. A4 Bb7 14. Rfe1 Nf6 15. Bd3 h6 16. A5 a6 17. Axb6 Qxb6 18. Rab1 Qc7 19. Rbc1 Qe7 20. Qa5 Rfc8 21. Rxc8+ Rxc8 22. Nd2 Qd7 23. Qb6 Rc3 24. Bxa6 Bxa6 25. Qxa6 Qxd4 26. Nf3 Qc5 27. E5 Nd5 28. Qa8+ Kh7 29. Qb7 Rc1 30. Qb2 Rc2 31. Qd4 g5 32. G3 Kg7 33. Qxc5 Rxc5 34. Re4 Kg6 35. H3 Ne7 36. H4 Kf5 37. Ra4 Nc6 38. Hxg5 hxg5 39. G4+ Kg6 40. Re4 Ne7 41. Kg2 Nd5 42. Kg3 Rc3 43. Re1 Ra3 44. Re4 Ra8 45. Rc4 Rh8 46. Re4 Nc3 47. Re3 Rc8 48. Re1 Rc4 49. Re3 Ne4+ 50. Kg2 Ra4 51. Re1 Nc5 52. Kg3 Rf4 53. Nd2 Nd3 54. Re2 Ra4 55. Nf3 Ra8 56. Re3 Rd8 57. Re4 Rh8 58. Rc4 Ra8 59. Rc3 Nf4 60. Rc4 Ne2+ 61. Kg2 Rh8 62. Re4 Nf4+ 63. Kg1 Ra8 64. Nh4+ Kh6 65. Ng2 Nd3 66. Ne1 Ra1 67. Kf1 Kg6 68. Re3 Nf4 69. Re4 Kg7 70. Kg1 Nd3 71. Kf1 Kf8 72. Re3 Nf4 73. Kg1 Ra4 74. Kh2 Nd5 75. Rg3 Kg7 76. Nd3 Rd4 77. Kg1 Nb6 78. Kf1 Re4 79. Kg2 Nc4 80. Kh3 Rd4 81. Kg2 Kf8 82. Kf1 Ke7 83. Ke2 Re4+ 84. Kd1 Nxe5 85. Nxe5 Rxe5 86. Kd2 Kf6 87. Ra3 Kg6 88. Ra6 f5 89. Gxf5+ Kxf5 90. Ra3 Kf4 91. Rb3 g4 92. Ra3 Re4 93. Rb3 e5 94. Ra3 Rb4 95. Ke2 Rb1 96. Ra4+ e4 97. Ra3 1/2-1/2

In the push release complying with the match, WIM Fiona Steil-Antoni said: “Afterwards, Carlsen revealed the he necessary to stop the 50 move rule and an interesting conversation ensued as to whether the rules require a tweak, specifically in gamings with increment.

“Carlsen was always making progress and he didn’t have sufficient moves to fully carry out his plans. Something for everyone to ponder ~ the tournament.”

If you uncover yourself in this situation, possibly your opponent has more material yet can’t checkmate girlfriend after 50 moves, you have actually to case it. A draw isn’t automatic.

#3: The new 75-move rule

This is just one of the newest chess rules, embraced in 2016.

In effect,it is simply an expansion on the 50-move dominion designed specifically for tournaments so chess gamings really can’t walk on forever.

Rule 9.6.2 states: “any collection of at the very least 75 moves have been made by every player there is no the motion of any kind of pawn and without any kind of capture. If the critical move caused checkmate, that shall take precedence.”

Fide, the game’s human being governing human body which is responsible for setting chess rules, included the 75 relocate ruleso you or your adversary need not insurance claim the draw. Instead, an arbiter will certainly enforce a attract for girlfriend (i.e. Girlfriend don’t have actually to insurance claim it).

Of course, anarbiter needs to be present.

#4: Three-fold repetition

There are five reasons why a chess video game may end in a draw, and also the three-fold repetition preeminence is maybe the the very least known.

That’s probably because unless you space writing down the moves – as you would certainly in a tournament – and also have a document of the video game then it is often difficult to job-related out once it comes right into play. Occasionally, once there is a disagreement, you see debates ensue…

However, thethree-fold repetition rule is a beloved little source to conserve the video game if friend think you room losing. Plenty of losing gamings have to be salvaged making use of this – so that is absolutely a must-know!

This preeminence states that if the same place is recurring three times and also no development is made, girlfriend can insurance claim a draw. Therefore it’s an extremely simple, friend just have to keep one eye out for it.

#5: En Passant

This is possibly the most special of all chess rules and also it is more than likely the most complicated to explain.

The ascendancy was only presented in the 15th century – so relatively late because that a significant change in the means the game is played quite than policed (as in “touch move” or the 50-move rule). Its name originates from a French expression which way “in passing”.

En passant itself can only happen in a video game when a player practice his choice to move his pawn two squares ~ above its initial movement and that move locations his pawn next to the opponent’s pawn.

When this happens, the the contrary player has the option to usage his pawn to take it the relocated pawn “en passant” or “in passing” together if the pawn had actually only relocated one square.

However, the en passant record must be done instantly after the pawn breakthroughs two squares. If White plays an additional move she cannot climate decide to capture en passant!

While actual supplies of the relocate are rare, the chess would be a totally different game without this rule. Everyone would need to be really concerned about moving a pawn to the 4th or 5th rank, understanding that a pawn might get previous them.

Here’s a tip though:

It is not always best to take an opponent’s item every time the opportunity arises. Closely consider what taking this move will perform to the common support of the pawn framework or in revealing a piece that might be located behind.

#6: Castling

Castling is a distinct move and the only time in the game you have the right to move two pieces in ~ once. That only entails the king and also the rook (no various other chess pieces)

There room two types:

Kingside castling (moving the king indigenous e1 to g1 or from e8 to g8) is notated: 0-0.

Queenside castling (moving the king indigenous e1 to c1 or native e8 to c8) is notated: 0-0-0.

Kingside castling is mainly used to acquire your king right into a quite snug ar away native the center of the board and bring your rook closer come the action.

It’s precious noting that castling queenside (or “long castling”) is especially useful as that may aid put your rook ~ above an open up file. Strong players will likewise say the it deserve to make for much more exciting games, therefore you need to pick carefully once tocastle queenside.

However, there are some problems that must be in place before you castle: both the king and also the rook can’t have moved, girlfriend can’t lock while in check, or into inspect or cross a heat of check.

Here space the caseswhen castling is not permitted:

Your king has actually been moved earlier in the game. The rook that you would castle with has been moved earlier in the game. There room pieces standing between your king and also rook. The king is in check. Your king moves through a square the is struck by a piece of the opponent. The king would certainly be in examine after castling.

#7: Pawn promotion

This is one more basic part of the video game you should know prior to entering any competition: once a pawn will the opposite next of the board, the promotes.

Pawn promotion means that the owner the the pawn can choose a queen, a rook, a knight, or a bishop (of his very own color), and put that piece rather of the pawn ~ above the board; on the square of the pawn.

Usually that means a player will certainly promote to a queen (as in most positions she is considered the most powerful piece).

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However, there space plenty of situations that crop up wherein it is better to under-promote, for instance to a knight.