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ionic bond, likewise called electrovalent bond, kind of linkage created from the electrostatic attraction in between oppositely charged ions in a chemical compound. Such a bond forms when the valence (outermost) electrons of one atom space transferred permanently to another atom. The atom the loses the electrons becomes a positively fee ion (cation), while the one that gains them becomes a negatively charged ion (anion). A brief treatment the ionic binding follows. For complete treatment, see chemical bonding: The development of ionic bonds.

Ionic bonding results in compounds recognized as ionic, or electrovalent, compounds, which are ideal exemplified by the link formed between nonmetals and also the alkali and also alkaline-earth metals. In ionic crystalline solids of this kind, the electrostatic forces of attraction in between opposite charges and also repulsion between similar charges orient the ion in such a manner the every positive ion becomes surrounding by an unfavorable ions and also vice versa. In short, the ions room so arranged the the positive and an adverse charges alternate and balance one another, the as whole charge the the whole substance gift zero. The size of the electrostatic pressures in ionic crystals is considerable. Accordingly, this substances often tend to it is in hard and also nonvolatile.

Sodium chloride exhibits ionic bonding. The sodium atom has a solitary electron in its outermost shell, if chlorine needs...

An ionic shortcut is actually the extreme case of a polar covalent bond, the last resulting from unequal sharing of electrons fairly than finish electron transfer. Ionic bond typically type when the distinction in the electronegativities of the 2 atoms is great, while covalent bonds kind when the electronegativities space similar. Compare covalent bond.

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