“Friar,” “monk,” “priest.” this are rather flexible terms, but not specifically so. Popularly, they room all taken to allude at a life of sacrifice and poverty. Yet while all variation the priesthoods may be equivalent, your vocations are not alike, other than in that they room meant to live their stays in service. A priest might be monastic, or religious, or “secular” (also dubbed “diocesan”), however they room all clergy.

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A monk in the Catholic Church is a male who has received the sacrament of holy Orders and has thus undertaken the duties of celebrate the Sacrifice the the Mass, hear confession, offering absolution and other sacraments “in persona Christi and to perform other duties of pastoral set and, sometimes, administration.

A priest might be connected to a diocese or to a spiritual order, or come a monastic home (an abbey or priory/convent). All priests, whether diocesan or religious, resolve celibacy and also obedience to their superiors:

A diocesan monk promises solemn obedience come his bishop.A religious priest (like a Dominican or Franciscan) vows obedience to his superior, usually called a “provincial.”A monastic priest vows obedience come his abbot (if living in an abbey) or former (in a priory).

Diocesan priests do not take vow (or promises) to poverty and may possess and also inherit property.

Read more:This cow describes Catholic spiritual orders and congregations better than many textbooks

Priests vowed come a spiritual order (like the Franciscans, Dominicans, etc) or a monastic ar (like the Benedictines or Cistercians) do do vows that poverty, surrendering any type of income they generate with their works to their superiors. For this reason a Dominican writer earning revenues from his publications will rotate those nobility checks end to the stimulate of Preachers. A Trappist writer will revolve his revenue over to his abduction or prior, for the benefit of the totality community.

The indigenous “friar” is native fraire (from the Middle eras — the fraire Provençal), which method “brother.” The word developed with the creation of the mendicant (traveling/preaching) orders in the late center Ages, many predominantly by Saint Francis (Franciscans) the Assisi and Saint Dominic (Order the Preachers, or “Dominicans”). This “new religious” to be no much longer tied to monasteries and convents yet went out amongst the people, to preach and to pray, come educate and also to offer the sick.

A priest that is part of a mendicant spiritual order is additionally a friar; a priest who is component of a conventual/monastic community (contemplative/stationary) is also a monk. But monks and friars need not it is in priests. part monks and also friars discern their vocations together religious, content to just be brother within your order or community; they carry out not seek the priesthood.

The native “monk” comes from the Latin monachus, a word because that hermits, rooted in a meaning of “solitude.” it is regarded the appearance of the an initial experiences that contemplative men and also women, such together the Desert Fathers and also Mothers. Saint Benedict that Nursia (480-547) is thought about the founder of western Monasticism.

Finally, the is feasible for a priest to be neither “secular”, no one “friar”, no one “monk” yet still it is in a religious. A Jesuit monk (Society the Jesus), or a Pauline priest (Society that Saint Paul), or a Salesian monk (Society of St. Francis de Sales, aka Salesians the Don Bosco) is totally a priest and will make the exact same vows of poverty, chastity and obedience come their religious superiors, just like friars and also monks, yet they are merely priests that their corresponding communities.

Make sure to examine the slideshow listed below for a rapid guide to recognizing the actions used by some monastic and spiritual orders. 

Launch the slideshow

Read more:Why do specific monks and also nuns live “behind bars”?

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