Symbol: HgAtomic Number: 80Atomic Weight: 200.59Classification: transition metalPhase in ~ Room Temperature: LiquidDensity: 13.534 grams per centimeter cubedMelting Point: -38.83°C, -37.89°FBoiling Point: 356.7°C, 674.1°FDiscovered by: Known around since old timesMercury is the third element in the twelfth tower of the periodic table. The is classified as a transition metal. Mercury atoms have actually 80 electrons and also 80 protons through 122 neutrons in the most abundant isotope.Characteristics and also PropertiesUnder standard conditions mercury is a shiny, heavy, silvery liquid. It is the only steel that is fluid at room temperature. It will evaporate right into the air in ~ room temperature.Mercury is an extremely poisonous and can be absorbed by human beings through the air, skin, or by eat food with mercury. Too lot mercury have the right to kill a person.When mercury come into call with various other metals, it disappear them and forms a brand-new substance referred to as an amalgam. Iron is just one of the couple of exceptions and, as a result, is frequently used to save mercury.Where is it found on Earth?Mercury is a very rare facet found in the Earth"s crust. That is sometimes found in its cost-free state, but is usually found in ores such as cinnabar, livingstonite, and corderoite. Most mercury this day is created from the mining that cinnabar, a bright red ore.For numerous years Spain and Italy were the biggest producers that mercury. Spain mined mercury in stimulate to usage it in your mining procedure for silver in south America. Today, the bulk of mercury is mined in China and Kyrgyzstan.

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How is mercury provided today?
Mercury is provided in a range of applications, however is being phased the end of some of them as result of health issues. Due to its high density and also thermal development characteristics, it is offered in measuring instruments such together thermometers and also barometers. A major application now is fluorescent lamps and also mercury vapor lamps.Other applications for mercury encompass dental fillings, telescopes, cosmetics, and also vaccines.How was it discovered?Mercury has been known around since old times and was offered by civilizations such as old Egypt and ancient China. The first emperor that China, Qin Shi Huang, believed that mercury was component of the Elixir of Life that would help him to live forever. Unfortunately, mercury is toxic and also consuming mercury is most likely what killed him.For many years, alchemists assumed that mercury to be the "prima materia" and also that all various other metals could be make from mercury. They thought they might use mercury to make gold.Where walk mercury gain its name?Mercury gets is name from the earth Mercury which was named after the swift messenger that the roman gods, Mercury. That was given this name because it flowed promptly in its liquid form. The price Hg comes from the Latin native "hydragyrum" an interpretation "liquid silver."IsotopesMercury has seven secure isotopes. The many abundant in nature is Mercury-202 which comprises about 30% of all mercury.Interesting Facts about MercuryDespite being the only steel that is liquid at room temperature, mercury has the the smallest liquid range of any type of metal. It i do not care a solid in ~ -38.83°C and also a gas in ~ 356.7°C.Some fish, such together swordfish and shark, deserve to contain high levels of mercury.The usage of mercury in manufacturing has actually been prohibition in several countries including Norway, Sweden, and also Denmark.The hatchet "mad together a hatter" originates from hat equipments who go crazy breath in mercury vapors from chemicals they supplied in make hats.Never hold mercury in her bare hands together it can seep v the skin and poison you. Mercury need to not it is in left the end in the open as it will evaporate into the air and can toxicity you with breathing it.
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