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Periodic Table--Lithium

Lithium has actually two naturally-occurring steady isotopes, 6Li(7.5 %) and also 7Li (92.5 %). Lithium isotopes fractionate substantiallyduring a wide selection of organic processes, including mineral formation(chemical precipitation), metabolism, ion exchange (Li substitutes forMg and also Fe in octahedral website in clay minerals, wherein 6Li ispreferential over 7Li), hyperfiltration, and rock alteration(Morozova and Alferovskiy, 1974; Chan and also Edmond, 1988; Fritz and also Whitworth,1994). Therefore, isotopic compositions the Li can administer a basis because that distinguishingvarious lithologic resources of cations in catchment waters and/or to tracewater affected by the processes.

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In the past, the ease v which Li fractionates has made laboratoryisotopic analysis very difficult. Fortunately, recently occurred techniqueshave been used to research the Li isotopic compositions from thermal watersof Yellowstone nationwide Park (Bullen and Kharaka, 1992). Due to the fact that the isotopeswill fractionate during hydrothermal processes, far-ranging variationsobserved in the 7Li/6Li ratios distinguished waterderived from naval sedimentary rocks and also water derived from hydrothermallyaltered igneous rocks, in order to providing beneficial information regardingregional ground-water flow paths.

In addition, lithium isotopes have recently end up being a source of qualitycontrol on made lithium reagents (Qi et al., 1997). Numerous reagentswere uncovered to be artificially depleted in 6Li significantlycompared to terrestrial materials, describe that numerous lithium reagentsused in chemical experiments are in truth 6Li-depleted and also donot that s right reflect the atomic and/or molecular weights of these reagents.Large quantities of 6Li were eliminated from Li reagents for usein nuclear weapons. The staying Li to be then marketed to chemistry companiesand found its method into reagents on chemists" shelves. Periodically this Limakes its means into streams and it have the right to be easily identified.

Source that text: This review was assembled by Eric Caldwell,primarily indigenous Nimz (1998).

References • Bullen, T.D. And Kharaka, Y.K. (1992). "Isotopic composition of Sr,Nd, and also Li in thermal waters native the Norris-Mammoth corridor, YellowstoneNational Park and surrounding region." In: Water-Rock Interaction. Proceedingsof the 7th international Symposium ~ above Water-Rock Interaction, BalkemaPublishers, Rotterdam, p. 897. • Chan, L-H. (1987). "Lithium isotope analysis by heat ionization massspectrometry the lithium tetraborate." Anal. Chem., 59: 2662. • Chan, L-H. And also Edmond, J.M. (1988). "Variations in lithium isotope compositionin the maritime environment: A preliminary report." Geochim. Et Cosmochim.Acta, 52: 1711. • Fritz, S.J. And Whitworth, T.M. (1994). "Hyperfiltration-induced fractionationof lithium isotopes: effects relating to representativeness that aquifersampling." Water Resour. Res., 30: 225. • Morozova, I.M. And Alferovskiy, A.A. (1974). "Fractionation the lithiumand potassium isotope in geology processes." Geochem. Int.,11: 17. • Nimz, G.J. (1998). "Lithogenic and Cosmogenic Tracers in Catchment Hydrology."In: C. Kendall and also J.J. McDonnell (Eds.), Isotope Tracers in CatchmentHydrology. Elsevier, pp. 247-290. • Qi, H.P., Coplen, T.B., Wang, Q.Zh. And Yang, Y.H. (1997). "UnnaturalIsotopic ingredient of Lithium Reagents." Anal. Chem., 69,19: 4076-4078. • Xiao, Y.K. And also Beary, E.S. (1989). "High-precision isotopic measurementof lithium by heat ionization massive spectrometry." Int. J. Massive Spec.Ion Proc.

See more: Any Trace Of An Ancient Organism That Has Been Preserved In Rock Is Called A

, 94: 101. Related Links
Periodic Table
Fundamentals of secure Isotope Geochemistry
General References
Isotope publication
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