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Mare and Foal Grazing

Stocking rates administer information top top how many horses a pasture can lug in a month. In general, the approximate pasture requirements per average-sized maturation horse, with pasture giving most, if no all, of the nutrition is:

1 - 2 acres v an excellent, dense sod, irreversible pasture2 - 2.5 acres v an typical permanent pasture (spring development will it is in OK but summer forage is average)3+ acres with a thin, negative sod that is unmanaged (supplemental forage will most likely be needed)

Depending on the pasture and how it is controlled supplemental hay and/or grain might be essential to fulfill a horse"s requirements. To advice the existing forage and how many horses one have the right to keep top top pasture the stocking rate takes into account the following:

Forage speciesSeason that yearEnvironmental moistureFertilizationLength that time steeds have access to pasture

Table 1 lists the forage demands for one pet unit variable or one horse. For example, a mature steed at maintenance requires 0.9 pet unit factors. Table 2 provides values for each month on how many pets a specific kind of pasture will lug for one month. If forage is no listed, one can use a worth for a forage the is similar and calculation the autumn rate. Table 2 is additionally divided into consistent grazing and rotational grazing. Consistent grazing is wherein the pasture is grazed for an extensive amount the time v no or infrequent rest to the tree from grazing. Rotational grazing is moving grazing livestock between pastures or paddocks as required or on a continual basis.

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Table 1. Steed Needs pet Unit Factors1

Livestock Description

Animal Unit Factor

Horses – mature maintenance

0.9

Horses – mares, mid-gestation

0.9

Horses – mares, late gestation

1.0

Horses – mares first - 3rd-month lactation

1.2

Horses – mares, so late lactation

1.1

Horses – weanlings 4 - 6 months

0.5

Horses – weanlings 6 - 12 months

0.8

Horses – 18 - 24 months

0.9

Horses – light work

1.0

Horses – center work

1.1

Horses – heavy work

1.2

Horses – stallions

1.0

1A horse’s maximum intake is limited to 3% of body weight. A an ext complete ration for lactating mares, weanlings, yearlings and horses performing moderate and also intense practice should incorporate concentrate

Table 2. Total pet Unit month of forage because that selected Pasture type and its access by Month throughout the Grazing Season

Pasture/Forage Type1

Jan2

Feb2

March2

April2

May2

June2

July2

Aug2

Sept2

Oct2

Nov2

Dec2

Total

Continuous Grazing

Unimproved bluegrass

Improved bluegrass + orchardgrass

Improved bluegrass + N or Legume

Trefoil-grass

Unimproved orchard/bromegrass

Orchard or brome + N or Legume

Tall Fescue + N or Legume

Alfalfa-grass

Alfalfa/Grass - one cut then graze

Alfalfa/Grass - two cuts then graze

Rotation Grazing

Improved bluegrass -4 paddocks

Improved orchard/brome -4 paddocks

Improved orchard/brome -8 paddocks

Birdsfoot Trefoil - Grass4 paddocks

Birdsfoot Trefoil – Grass8 paddocks

Alfalfa – Grass8 paddocks

0.6

0.6

0.3

0.2

0.2

0.1

2

0.1

0.85

0.85

0.45

0.25

0.3

0.2

3

0.2

1.1

1.1

0.6

0.3

0.4

0.3

4

0.8

1.1

1.1

1.1

0.5

0.4

5

0.2

1.1

1.1

0.6

0.3

0.4

0.3

4

0.5

1.5

1.5

0.8

1.2

1.0

6.5

0.5

1.5

1.4

0.6

1.2

1.6

6.8

1.4

1.4

1.0

1.0

0.6

0.5

0.1

6.0

1.2

1.2

0.5

0.5

0.1

3.5

1.0

0.4

0.4

1.8

0.3

1.4

1.3

0.8

0.4

0.5

0.3

5.0

0.5

1.7

1.7

0.9

0.5

0.5

1.0

0.8

7.6

0.5

1.8

1.8

1.0

0.6

0.5

1.1

0.9

8.2

0.2

1.1

1.2

1.2

1.2

0.6

0.5

6.0

0.2

1.2

1.3

1.3

1.3

0.6

0.6

6.5

0.5

1.7

1.6

1.1

1.0

0.6

0.6

0.4

7.5

1N = Nitrogen2Animal Unit Months because that Each Forage Type

How to calculation Stocking Rates

Example - You own 3 horses. The steeds are used for irradiate trail riding throughout the spring, summer, and also fall months. The steeds are housed on 10 acres.

List the type of equines in pillar 1. Enter mature horses, light exercise for type of livestock.List the AU element from Table 1. The AU aspect for a mature equine light work = 1.0Multiply shaft 2 (number the horses) * column 3 (AU Factor) = pillar 4 (Animal units). The variety of horses is 3 and the AU factor from table 1 is 1.0. Multiply 3 x 1.0 = 3 animal units. Place 3.0 in the equivalent month’s column.Add each tower to provide the total animal Unit month of forage needed. For example, in the month the May, the forage in the pasture needs to supply 3.0 AUM"sChoose the kind of forage. In this example, unimproved bluegrass is contrasted to rotational boosted orchard/brome paddocks. Place acreage owned under acres.Calculate AUM because that the quantity of acreage one owns.Unimproved bluegrass 10 acres * 0.6 (AUM indigenous table 2 because that the month that May) = 6Improved orchard/brome 4 paddocks 10 acre * 0.5 (AUM native table 2 for the month that April) = 5Continue with acreage * AUM indigenous table 2Add the full AUM the acreage provides for the growing season. Unimproved bluegrass = 21; boosted orchard/brome = 76sadCompareOnce the tables are complete compare what the steeds need matches what the forage produces per grazing month. For example 3 steeds grazing in the month of may requires 3 AUMs to solely feed castle on pasture. An unimproved bluegrass pasture in the month of might supplies 6 AUMs i beg your pardon exceeds the needs of the 3 horses. Because that the month of September, only 2 AUMs are supplied with 10 acre of unimproved bluegrass denote the horses will call for supplemental feeding to fulfill their requirements. Because that a rotational boosted orchard/bromegrass pasture, 17 AUMs are noted in the month the May and 5 AUMs in the month of September. Therefore, if the pasture was split into a rotational grazing system, the 10 acres would meet the 3 horses" nutritional demands from April v November there is no supplemental feed. Overabundance pasture have to be managed either by baling or mowing the pasture.Table 3.

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Calculated pet Unit Factors

Kind the Livestock

Number1

AU Factor

Animal units 3

Jan4

Feb4

March4

April4

May4

June4

July4

Aug4

Sept4

Oct4

Nov.4

Dec4

Mature, light Exercise

Total AUMS of Forage Needed

3

1.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

3.0

1Enter number of each kind of livestock2AU factor = worth from table one for kind of livestock3Animal units = Number in tower 2 x AU aspect in obelisk 34Animal systems to be lugged each month, enter the total animal units as presented in pillar 4 that will be top top hand every month

Table 4. Calculated animal Unit months of forage because that selected Pasture kind and its availability by Month throughout the Grazing Season

Kind that Forage1

Acres2

Jan.3

Feb.3

March3

April3

May3

June3

July3

Aug.3

Sept.3

Oct.3

Nov.3

Dec.3

Total AUM4

Unimproved bluegrass

Improved orch/brome -4 paddocks

10

6

6

3

3

2

1

21

10

5

17

17

9

5

5

10

8

76

1List kind of forage2List the number of acres3Animal Unit Months per Acre = AUM per acre = acres in obelisk 2 x AUM every acre for each month offered in Table 2.4AUM = acre in column 2 x total AUMs because that each kind of pasture as displayed in the last tower in Table 3