Many civilization often wonder why the NBA has actually quarters and also not halves like college basketball. Or why the NBA offers 12 minute quarters and not 10 or 15 minutes favor other expert sports leagues do.

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Why is a basketball quarter 12 minutes? The birth of the NBA has constantly seen four, twelve-minute quarters in their league. Taking the foundation of the basketball rules watched in college before the bear of the league, the NBA decided that 12 minute quarters was the perfect lot of time because that a basketball game to last just over 2 hours. They identified this to be the right amount the time because that a payment spectator to reap a expert basketball game.

Not every leagues are produced equal, you can say the NBA produced its own identity going versus the serial of how basketball games were an alleged to be play at that time. Basketball was 2 halves that 15 to 20 minute of play. Let’s take a further look at why the NBA take it this approach.

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A Brief background of Basketball and also Its Rules

When Dr. James Naismith invented the game of basketball in 1891 in Springfield Massachusetts, it was to store his students the he to be training to store busy. The game was no perfect and also saw numerous rules changes through the years, but at the time of his invention, he had to produce rules to keep order in the game. Therefore he created the 13 rules of basketball. The original 13 rules of basketball were together follows:


One the the original rules was Naismith implemented two fifteen-minute halves per video game as girlfriend would watch in a college game. The college game was initial played this means but eventually it was readjusted to 2 twenty-minute halves. Basketball would certainly evolve, players to be getting far better and an ext points to be being scored, the readjust was needed.

Before the NBA was founded, the nationwide Basketball association was well-known as the Basketball combination of America in 1946. The birth of the organization took ar in new York and would eventually readjust its surname to the NBA 3 years later on after merging with the American Basketball League.

The NBA has always used 12 minute quarters during games, and also it is thought that this was the perfect lot of time for spectators and also basketball groups to go head come head in vain play. Throughout that time groups were play 6o video game season.

The American Basketball combination is also known as the ABA was started in 1967 and also used the exact same quarter length of 12 minutes together the NBA did. In 1976 the ABA would certainly merge through the NBA. The rule of the NBA were very comparable to the rule of the ABA so football player didn’t have actually any an overwhelming time adjusting.

Fun Fact: The ABA had currently implemented a three-point heat in their organization in i beg your pardon the NBA had actually not excellent so together of yet. When the 2 leagues combined it was till 3 years later on in 1979 the NBA would introduce the line. It to be the exact same distance as it was currently 23 feet and also 9 inches however known together the 25 footer.

So why space Basketball Quarter’s exactly 12 minutes?

Originally when the league was created with very little time to spare, the NBA took the college game as the foundation of your rules. University basketball did well then and also still is now. Although college basketball would move from 15-minute halves to 20-minutes which seemed to be a much much better format.

Quoted by the Why 12 Minute Quarters?


I think it’s important to note that the NBA wanted to develop its own identification of being a professional basketball league. For this reason what they uncovered is a college game is too brief for a payment spectator. They would certainly decide to develop 4 quarters instead of 2 halves at 12 minute apiece and also found the this would offer the typical fan 2 hours to 2 and also a fifty percent hours of watch time. For this reason fans might surely obtain their money worth.

Hypothetically do the quarters a minute longer or 3 minutes longer adds a far-reaching amount that time come the game. If we were to add 3 minute making each 4 minutes 1 an even 15 minutes, we space looking at an extra 12 minutes of activity that practically an extra quarter to every game. If we included the bare minimum the 1 minute extra each quarter making it 13 minute a 4 minutes 1 we are still looking in ~ 4 extra minutes a game which is nearly equivalent to playing overtime each game. Us all recognize how exhausted players get when the video game goes into overtime.

I really believe the NBA should reduced down on the variety of games a team will certainly play in a season. 82 games is a many and an ext than ever before players are obtaining injured in ~ a greater rate. Players space stronger and more explosive than ever before but more injuries as the result. Like driving a auto the more you journey the likely you space to acquire into an accident.

Though besides the gamings it practically feels prefer the NBA nailed it with 12 minute a quarter, appears to be the perfect quantity of time to satisfying viewership and also minutes a player have the right to withstand for top performance.

The ABA when it come onto the scene in 1967 adhered to the NBA’s, 4 12 minute quarters. Imagery is the best type of flattery. It is quite interesting that they didn’t walk a different route to different themself from the competition. Castle did have the three-point heat which the NBA did no which drew crowds come the ABA because of it.

Many world often refer to a basketball 4 minutes 1 as a period. But most basketball fans describe them together quarters since it’s obvious. It’s like a Math problem involving fractions, if us take a game and also it is damaged down into four quarters, that’s a whole. If it is fifty percent time throughout the then 2/4 of the game is done has actually been played or one half.


The proportion of Fouls come Minutes

In any type of basketball league except the NBA, you will uncover that if a player commits 5 fouls then he/she is fouled out and also will have to sit the remainder of the video game on the bench can not to return.

If you divide 5 right into 40 minute of basketball game time. A player will have actually a foul to offer for every 8 minute of video game time. FIBA, NCAA, and also even some high school basketball says in the U.S.A. Operation on 10 minute a 4 minutes 1 or 20-minute halves, totaling 40 minute of game time. The exemption of this proportion is that most high school may run 8 minute quarters.

The NBA rules because that fouls room if a player commits 6 fouls they will be fouled out and also have to sit the remainder the the game. If you divide 6 right into 48 minute you additionally get one foul because that every 8 minutes of play. This is why the NBA upped your foul counting to 6 instead of 5 or rather you would have a lot an ext players fouling out fairly quickly.


Is the NBA the only organization with 12 minute quarters?

The NBA and the WNBA are the just leagues that govern 4 12 minute quarters. Leagues prefer high school and also FIBA, have four quarters however are only 10 minutes each. That does seem together if FIBA will one day follow suit with the NBA. The Olympics and World Cup that Basketball use FIBA rules and also their quarters are still 10 minutes during international play.

One point to store in mental is that if the NBA did go to 10 minute a video game the organization would experience a dramatic drop in scoring. We’re talk 8 extra minutes of less action, that’s practically a totality quarter.

You would also see much fewer players playing on the court. Coaches could easily get away v playing 7 come 8 players a game with their superstars playing virtually the whole game. Many an ext games would be close in nature also. The reverse would be true in Europe or where they use FIBA rules.

How lengthy are breaks in between quarters?


Breaks in between quarters 1 and also 2 or 3 and also 4 room 130 seconds of remainder or just over 2 minutes, this likewise includes between the fourth quarter and also overtime. Halftime in the NBA is 15 minutes.


Breaks between quarters 1 and also 2 or 3 and 4 are 120 secs of rest or 2 minutes, this additionally includes in between the 4th quarter and also overtime. Halftime in FIBA is 15 minutes.


The NCAA take away a 15-minute break in between halves. There are no rests between quarters due to the fact that there room none.


Why are NBA games four quarters the twelve minutes instead of fifteen, prefer in the NFL?

The NFL operation fifteen-minute quarters but their games take a full of 3 hours. They have actually a different set of players on offense and defense which enables the players to play this long. If football player were playing both next of the field, this would be a different story and make because that a much shorter game.

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Because the NFL plays when a main they can gain away with this format, and it works quite well because that the league. If the NBA switched to this layout the game would operation the same size of three hours and also would make for to long a game for basketball. Even when a NBA video game goes into overtime the total time the the video game still does no reach 3 hours.