Medically the evaluation by Cynthia Cobb, DNP, APRN, WHNP-BC, FAANP — written by Rachel Nall, MSN, CRNA ~ above January 20, 2018

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You are watching: An example of a benign hyperkeratotic skin lesion is:


Hyperkeratosis is a skin condition that occurs when a who skin i do not care thicker than usual in specific places.


Keratin is a tough, fibrous protein discovered in fingernails, hair, and also skin. The body may create extra keratin as a result of inflammation, together a protective response to pressure, or as a an outcome of a genetic condition.

Most forms of hyperkeratosis are treatable with precautionary measures and also medication.


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Share top top PinterestForms that hyperkeratosis may include warts, corns, and calluses.
Pressure-related hyperkeratosis occurs as a an outcome of extreme pressure, inflammation or irritation to the skin.

When this happens, the skin responds by creating extra class of keratin to safeguard the damaged areas of skin.

Non-pressure connected keratosis wake up on skin that has not to be irritated. Professionals think the this kind of hyperkeratosis may be the result of genetics.

Forms of hyperkeratosis include:

actinic keratosis, which causes rough, sandpaper-like spot of skin to develop as a result of overfill skin exposurecornseczemaepidermolytic hyperkeratosis, one inherited skin disorder current at birthpsoriasiswarts

If a person has actually a potential area that hyperkeratosis on your skin the they room uncertain of, they have to see their doctor.


Hyperkeratosis can have a range of symptoms. However, every symptoms will involve an area of unstable or patchy skin that feels various from the surrounding skin.

Some symptoms of the much more common reasons of hyperkeratosis include:

Calluses: A callus is one area of thickened skin that normally occurs top top the feet, but can likewise grow top top the fingers. Unequal a corn (see below), a callus is typically of also thickness.Corns: A lesion that typically develops ~ above or in between the toes. A corn usually has a facility lesion of very hard keratin with an external ring of difficult tissue the is slightly softer.Eczema: This condition causes red, itching skin the may show up in patches or as tiny bumpsEpidermolytic hyperkeratosis: This condition causes an extremely red skin and severe blistering of the skin in ~ birth. Together the baby ages, they will develop areas of thickened skin (hyperkeratosis), particularly over their joints.Leukoplakia: This condition reasons thick, white patches to construct up within the mouth.Plaque psoriasis: This condition can reason an excess buildup that skin cells that are often silvery and also scaled.

With the exception of corns and calluses, most develops of hyperkeratosis are not painful.


Share top top PinterestIt is encourage to prevent being barefoot in gyms and locker rooms to help prevent hyperkeratosis lesions.

Treatments because that hyperkeratosis depend upon what form a human being has. Both at-home and medical treatments exist because that hyperkeratosis.

Some the the methods to prevent hyperkeratosis lesions, such as corns or calluses include:

Wearing comfortable, well-fitting shoes. Attract padding over corns or calluses can likewise offer additional protection.Avoiding walk barefoot in locations that room prone come fungi, such together in locker rooms, gyms, or pools.Avoiding environmental problems known to contribute to eczema, such as dry air, extremely fragranced or perfumed soaps, harsh chemicals, or extremely hot or cold temperatures.Avoiding allergy triggers, such as pet dander and also pollen that can reason skin inflammation.

If a person has actually a condition that reasons lesions that room removable, such as warts, they should see their doctor, nurse practitioner, or medical professional assistant who can “freeze” a wart or usage a laser to vaporize it.

These healthcare experts can likewise prescribe medication to treat areas of hyperkeratosis, such as corticosteroid creams because that eczema or lichen planus.


A human being should see a doctor as soon as their hyperkeratosis causes pain or discomfort. If an area the the skin shows up infected, such as reddened, swollen, or pus-filled, lock should likewise seek medical attention.

Sometimes hyperkeratosis plaques can very closely resemble cancerous lesions. Because that this reason, plenty of people select to have actually thickened areas of skin evaluated.

A doctor will take a medical background to identify if over there is one underlying cause for the hyperkeratosis. For example, if a person has actually leukoplakia, a history of smoking or using chewing tobacco, then they may be at greater risk of occurring hyperkeratosis.

A physician may additionally order imaging tests to determine if there are underlying problems with a who bone structure or the presence of tumors top top or around the hyperkeratosis areas.

Another diagnostic device is a biopsy, which involves taking a sample that skin and analyzing it under a microscopic lense for the visibility of cancerous cells or other cell abnormalities. In many instances, a doctor deserve to diagnose the underlying reason via a physical examination.


There are countless forms that hyperkeratosis, most of which are not painful. Some species of hyperkeratosis, such together warts and calluses room removable, while other develops can be cure or controlled with a variety of medications.

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Anyone who develops patches that thickened skin on your body need to consult a doctor or dermatologist for a diagnosis.


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Medically reviewed by Cynthia Cobb, DNP, APRN, WHNP-BC, FAANP — created by Rachel Nall, MSN, CRNA top top January 20, 2018