You are watching: A little learning is a dangerous thing meaning
You may have heard the phrase, “A tiny learning is a danger thing.” It’s uncovered in Alexander Pope’s city An Essay ~ above Criticism, created in 1709. Pope created “A little learning is a dangerous thing; drink deep, or taste no the Pierian spring: over there shallow draughts intoxicate the brain, and also drinking mostly sobers us again.”
What does that mean? In effect, Pope is saying that a small learning or knowledge (the “shallow draughts”) will just befuddle (“intoxicate the brain”), misleading us into thinking we know much more than in fact we do. Remedy for this problem lies in proceeding to learn (“drinking largely” in ~ the “Pierian spring,” the spring sacred to the Muses and the resource of the understanding of art and science). However the idea expressed in those verses is lot older than the 18th century. It’s possible that it goes earlier a couple of thousand years.
As happens so often, etymology can shed some irradiate on the matter. The focus here is on our English indigenous learn, which occurred from the Anglo-Saxon “leornian,” definition to find out or come study. That akin come “lernen,” the Old High German (8th-11th centuries) and modern-day German word because that learn, and, going further back, come the Gothic (roughly 4th-8th centuries) “lais,” which equates as “I know.” The base feeling of “lais” is to follow or uncover the track. Ultimate source of the word is in the Proto-Indo-European language – “leis,” definition track or furrow. Regarded this are, for instance, the German native “Gleis,” meaning track or rails, the Russian “lekha,” signifying garden bed (where there space furrows), and the contemporary English last, in the feeling of a shoemaker’s foot model, which is derived from the Old English native “last,” footprint (a sort of track).
“Lira,” the Latin for furrow, track, originates from the very same stem and also is for this reason related to our native learn. The process of learning is like adhering to a track. Interestingly, the Italian verb for researching or acquisition a course (at university) is “seguire,” which means to follow. The Latin “delirare,” literally come go out of the furrow in ploughing, was quickly transferred to persons and meant to come to be insane. Our words delirium and also delirious are based upon “delirare.”
When we use the expression to walk off the rails, in other words to behave irrationally, we space formulating the same ide expressed through the Latin “delirare.”
To stop adhering to the furrow, to deviate, to go off the rails, will certainly “intoxicate the brain,” in Pope’s choice phrase. Getting back on, the is getting back to learning, is the solution to sober, or clear up, the intoxicated brain.
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Inevitably, when you follow the furrow, you become mindful that it continues to the horizon, and also you recognize the horizon is constantly beyond reach.
The ancient Greek theorist Aristotle synthetic it up neatly when he provided “The an ext you know, the much more you understand you don’t know.” however he wasn’t the first. A couple of centuries earlier, the Chinese thinker Confucius had actually observed, “Real understanding is to know the extent of one’s ignorance.”