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You are watching: 1 teaspoon xanthan gum in grams

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January 02, 2016


Sometimes, I have actually a soup, sauce, or dressing and I wish it had more body. What I require is a fast, practically thickener that, unlike flour and starch, doesn't need to be heated to work.

Found it: A an extremely cool thickener with a weird name that turns out to be a kitchen superstar. It's magical! Super-convenient: 1/8 or 1/4 teaspoon and also a hand blender are all you must go native watery come wonderful.

I to be dismayed the I might not find a an easy guide to utilizing it, so i did some experiments.


Want just the basics? OK:

Easy to uncover online or in stores. One bag will certainly last a lifetime due to the fact that you usage 1/4 teaspoon in ~ a time and it is shelf-stable.No warm required: just blend it right into the liquid. Functions for hot and cold! Salad dressing, sauces, etc.Use a hand blender or blender and also sift the powder right into the whirring mixture, due to the fact that it clumps easily.Use 1/8-1 teaspoon every cup of liquid. A light dose adds body; medium to thicken; much more to gel. Basic to overdose: walk lightly.

What is it?

First, let's gain past the funny name and fears of test tubes. Xanthan gum is an approved food product made by fermenting sugars. It's really commonly used in food products such as salad dressing (which is one of its killer apps!). It's common in gluten-free baking because it produces the thickening and elastic properties needed for baked goods like bread and pizza dough. 

Some key advantages and also characteristics:

All that does is thicken. The adds no flavor. It's very an easy to use: include to water- or oil-based mixtures and also hit it through the blender or immersion blender. The amount controls the thickening. Use a small amount (1/8 teaspoon per cup) to include body come a liquid; or 5-10 time that lot to do a gel. The thickened mixture is cloudy but still transparent (like jelly or cornstarch or tapioca-thickened foods).Unlike starch-based thickeners, it doesn't require cooking come activate that thickening power.In fact, it's immune indigenous heat. Some thickeners lose their power v boiling — not so, through xanthan gum, which retains its superpowers. Freezing also does not impact it. 

Using xanthan gum

I found a lot of of inconsistent information online and decided to shot my own experiments come come up with some guidelines. 

First: How much should friend use? Applications usually contact for 0.1% come 1% by weight and this range was nice good. In ~ 0.1%, the thickening is just noticeable — think the the difference between juice and water. Ramp it as much as 1% and also it's a special gel.


I make a video clip that shows various amounts. In the video, you will certainly see what 0.25% looks prefer (1/4 teaspoon in 100 ml that water, blended using one immersion blender), then what 1% watch like, then a real-life application that salad dressing. 

For the video, i made a rapid vinaigrette using a standard formula that one component vinegar come three parts of olive oil, v a small mustard as an emulsifier and also some herbs. Whirring it through the immersion blender yielded a quite salad dressing. I included 1/4 teaspoon of xanthan gum and blended again. I started with 1/2 cup (125 ml) the dressing, for this reason this maths out to 0.5%. I m sorry is more than I would want in a dressing.

(In the video, the caption at about 0:52 states 125 ml is 1/4 cup. Overlook that caption, as commenter Ole let us know, that's wrong!) 

Rule that thumb

As you deserve to see in the video, xanthan gum is powerful. It takes only little amounts.

For a cup of liquid, as small as 1/8 teaspoon renders a difference and also in most uses, friend will use 1/4-1/2 teaspoon every cup that liquid.In the salad dressing example, that's much more than I would ever use — use just 1/8-1/4 teaspoon per 8 oz (the video shows 1/4 tsp in just 4 oz.) To use, include the powder and mix with a blender or an immersion blender. If friend mix without a blender, it's no as thick and prone come clumping. 

Recipes and also conversions

Some recipes will certainly list the amount in grams, commonly 1-2 grams. Couple of cooks have actually scales that can measure weights the small. I found small consistency in internet resources for this reason I required to the kitchen and did a couple of tests, measuring out 6 teaspoons that xanthan gum and also weighing.

See more: Learn How Much Is One Third Of 100 ? What Is 1/3 Of 100

Here's a handy table.

Xanthan gum measures

I measured 1 teaspoon together 2.5 grams however note the the product can be packed to obtain 3-4 grams, for this reason you may see part variation from other sources. I supplied Bob's Red Mill brand. Other brands might measure differently. But don't worry about sport — if you use 3.5 g as soon as you were intending to usage 2, the difference will not ruin the dish. 

By weight  Teaspoons% when included to 8 oz. (250 ml)
1/4 gram~1/8 tsp0.1%
1/2 gram~1/4 tsp0.25%
1 gram~1/2 tsp0.5%
2.5 grams1 tsp1%



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